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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 1 — Jan. 4, 2010
  • pp: 386–392

Light propagation in three-dimensional photonic crystals

Shoichi Kawashima, Kenji Ishizaki, and Susumu Noda  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 1, pp. 386-392 (2010)

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We demonstrate the operation of two types of waveguides formed in three-dimensional (3D) photonic crystals (PCs). We first created a vertical waveguide by stacking acceptor-type defects, in which near-infrared light propagates in the stacking direction. Light is transmitted independent of polarization in this waveguide because electromagnetic waves couple to a degenerate mode derived from the structural symmetry of the defects. We then connected horizontal and vertical waveguides to form an L-shaped waveguide, which is able to guide near-infrared light from the horizontal to vertical direction in the 3D PC. We envisage the realization of more complex 3D optical interconnections by optimizing the waveguide structures and increasing the PC period in the vertical direction.

© 2009 OSA

OCIS Codes
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides
(130.5296) Integrated optics : Photonic crystal waveguides
(050.5298) Diffraction and gratings : Photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystals

Original Manuscript: November 9, 2009
Revised Manuscript: November 30, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: November 30, 2009
Published: December 24, 2009

Virtual Issues
January 8, 2010 Spotlight on Optics

Shoichi Kawashima, Kenji Ishizaki, and Susumu Noda, "Light propagation in three-dimensional photonic crystals," Opt. Express 18, 386-392 (2010)

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