OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 1 — Jan. 4, 2010
  • pp: 72–78

Superposition of helical beams by using a Michelson interferometer

Chunqing Gao, Xiaoqing Qi, Yidong Liu, and Horst Weber  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 1, pp. 72-78 (2010)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (531 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Orbital angular momentum (OAM) of a helical beam is of great interests in the high density optical communication due to its infinite number of eigen-states. In this paper, an experimental setup is realized to the information encoding and decoding on the OAM eigen-states. A hologram designed by the iterative method is used to generate the helical beams, and a Michelson interferometer with two Porro prisms is used for the superposition of two helical beams. The experimental results of the collinear superposition of helical beams and their OAM eigen-states detection are presented.

© 2009 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.4510) Fiber optics and optical communications : Optical communications
(060.5060) Fiber optics and optical communications : Phase modulation
(080.4865) Geometric optics : Optical vortices

ToC Category:
Physical Optics

Original Manuscript: October 13, 2009
Revised Manuscript: December 6, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: December 14, 2009
Published: December 22, 2009

Chunqing Gao, Xiaoqing Qi, Yidong Liu, and Horst Weber, "Superposition of helical beams by using a Michelson interferometer," Opt. Express 18, 72-78 (2010)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. J. Courtial, R. Zambrini, M. R. Dennis, and M. Vasnetsov, “Angular momentum of optical vortex arrays,” Opt. Express 14(2), 938–949 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. C. Gao, G. Wei, and H. Weber, “Orbital angular momentum of the beam and the second order intensity moments,” Sci. China A 43(12), 1306–1311 (2000). [CrossRef]
  4. M. V. Vasnetsov, J. P. Torres, D. V. Petrov, and L. Torner, “Observation of the orbital angular momentum spectrum of a light beam,” Opt. Lett. 28(23), 2285–2287 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. G. Gibson, J. Courtial, M. J. Padgett, M. Vasnetsov, V. Pas’ko, S. M. Barnett, and S. Franke-Arnold, “Free-space information transfer using light beams carrying orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Express 12(22), 5448–5456 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. C. López-Mariscal, J. C. Gutiérrez-Vega, G. Milne, and K. Dholakia, “Orbital angular momentum transfer in helical Mathieu beams,” Opt. Express 14(9), 4182–4187 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Z. Bouchal and R. Celechovsky, “Mixed vortex states of light as information carriers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 1192–1197 (2004).
  8. J. Lin, X. C. Yuan, S. H. Tao, and R. E. Burge, “Collinear superposition of multiple helical beams generated by a single azimuthally modulated phase-only element,” Opt. Lett. 30(24), 3266–3268 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. Lin, X. C. Yuan, S. H. Tao, and R. E. Burge, “Synthesis of multiple collinear helical modes generated by a phase-only element,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23(5), 1214–1218 (2006). [CrossRef]
  10. Y. D. Liu, C. Q. Gao, M. W. Gao, X. Q. Qi, and H. Weber, “Superposition and detection of two helical beams for optical orbital angular momentum communication,” Opt. Commun. 281(14), 3636–3639 (2008). [CrossRef]
  11. C. Tamm, “Frequency locking of two transverse optical modes of a laser,” Phys. Rev. A 38(11), 5960–5963 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. C. Tamm and C. O. Weiss, “Bistability and optical switching of spatial patterns in a laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7(6), 1034–1038 (1990). [CrossRef]
  13. M. W. Beijersbergen and L. Allen, “Astigmatic laser mode converters and transfer of orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Commun. 96(1-3), 123–132 (1993). [CrossRef]
  14. C. Q. Gao, G. H. Wei, and H. Weber, “Generation of the stigmatic beam with orbital angular momentum,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 18(6), 771–773 (2001). [CrossRef]
  15. M. W. Beijersbergen, R. P. C. Coerwinkel, M. Kristensen, and J. P. Woerdman, “Helical-wavefront laser beams produced with a spiral phaseplate,” Opt. Commun. 112(5-6), 321–327 (1994). [CrossRef]
  16. K. Sueda, G. Miyaji, N. Miyanaga, and M. Nakatsuka, “Laguerre-Gaussian beam generated with a multilevel spiral phase plate for high intensity laser pulses,” Opt. Express 12(15), 3548–3553 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. N. R. Heckenberg, R. McDuff, C. P. Smith, and A. G. White, “Generation of optical phase singularities by computer-generated holograms,” Opt. Lett. 17(3), 221–223 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. V. Y. Bazhenov, M. S. Soskin, and M. V. Vasnetsov, “Screw dislocations in light wavefronts,” J. Mod. Opt. 39(5), 985–990 (1992). [CrossRef]
  19. S. C. Chu, C. S. Yang, and K. Otsuka, “Vortex array laser beam generation from a Dove prism-embedded unbalanced Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Opt. Express 16(24), 19934–19949 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. S. N. Khonina, V. V. Kotlyar, V. A. Soifer, P. Paakkonen, J. Simonen, and J. Turunen, “An analysis of the angular momentum of a light field in terms of angular harmonics,” J. Mod. Opt. 48, 1543–1557 (2001).
  21. S. N. Khonina, V. V. Kotlyar, V. A. Soifer, K. Jefimovs, and J. Turunen, “Generation and selection of laser beams represented by a superposition of two angular harmonics,” J. Mod. Opt. 51, 761–773 (2004).
  22. J. Leach, M. J. Padgett, S. M. Barnett, S. Franke-Arnold, and J. Courtial, “Measuring the Orbital Angular Momentum of a Single Photon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(25), 1–4 (2002). [CrossRef]
  23. B. Jassemnejad, A. Bohannan, J. Lekkl, and K. Welland, “Mode sorter and detector based on photon orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Eng. 47(5), 1–5 (2008). [CrossRef]
  24. S. N. Khonina, V. V. Kotlyar, V. A. Soifer, P. Paakkonen, and J. Turunen, “Measuring the light field orbital angular momentum using DOE,” Opt. Mem. Neur. Net. 10, 241–255 (2001).
  25. R. Zambrini and S. M. Barnett, “Angular momentum of multimode and polarization patterns,” Opt. Express 15(23), 15214–15227 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. Y. D. Liu, C. Q. Gao, and X. Q. Qi, “Field rotation and polarization properties of the Porro prism,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 26(5), 1157–1160 (2009). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited