OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 11 — May. 24, 2010
  • pp: 11530–11536

Study of relaxation oscillations in continuous-wave intracavity Raman lasers

Jipeng Lin, Helen M. Pask, Andrew J. Lee, and David J. Spence  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 11, pp. 11530-11536 (2010)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (828 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We study the relaxation oscillations in a continuous-wave intracavity Raman laser both theoretically and experimentally. Analytic expressions for the relaxation oscillation frequency are derived from the rate-equations and are validated by experiments. We show that some important experimental parameters such as the effective Raman gain coefficient and intracavity Stokes loss can be determined simply by measuring the relaxation oscillation frequency versus pump power.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.3480) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, diode-pumped
(140.3550) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, Raman
(190.2620) Nonlinear optics : Harmonic generation and mixing

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: March 16, 2010
Revised Manuscript: May 10, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: May 10, 2010
Published: May 17, 2010

Jipeng Lin, Helen M. Pask, Andrew J. Lee, and David J. Spence, "Study of relaxation oscillations in continuous-wave intracavity Raman lasers," Opt. Express 18, 11530-11536 (2010)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. A. A. Demidovich, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. N. Burakevich, V. A. Orlovich, and W. Kiefer, “Continuous-wave Raman generation in a diode-pumped Nd3+:KGd(WO4)2 laser,” Opt. Lett. 30(13), 1701–1703 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. H. M. Pask, “Continuous-wave, all-solid-state, intracavity Raman laser,” Opt. Lett. 30(18), 2454–2456 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. L. Fan, Y. X. Fan, Y. Q. Li, H. J. Zhang, Q. Wang, J. Wang, and H. T. Wang, “High-efficiency continuous-wave Raman conversion with a BaWO(4) Raman crystal,” Opt. Lett. 34(11), 1687–1689 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. J. Lee, H. M. Pask, P. Dekker, and J. A. Piper, “High efficiency, multi-Watt CW yellow emission from an intracavity-doubled self-Raman laser using Nd:GdVO4.,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21958–21963 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. D. J. Spence, P. Dekker, and H. M. Pask, “Modeling of continuous wave intracavity Raman lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13(3), 756–763 (2007). [CrossRef]
  6. D. C. Hanna, D. J. Pointer, and D. J. Pratt, “Stimulated Raman scattering of picosecond light pulses in hydrogen, deuterium, and Methane,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22(2), 332–336 (1986). [CrossRef]
  7. P. Cerný, H. Jelinkova, P. G. Zverev, and T. T. Basiev, “Solid state lasers with Raman frequency conversion,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 28(2), 113–143 (2004). [CrossRef]
  8. T. T. Basiev, A. A. Sobol, P. G. Zverev, V. V. Osiko, and R. C. Powell, “Comparative spontaneous Raman spectroscopy of crystals for Raman lasers,” Appl. Opt. 38(3), 594–598 (1999). [CrossRef]
  9. A. A. Kaminskii, H. J. Eichler, K. Ueda, N. V. Klassen, B. S. Redkin, L. E. Li, J. Findeisen, D. Jaque, J. García-Sole, J. Fernández, and R. Balda, “Properties of Nd3+-doped and undoped tetragonal PbWO4, NaY(WO4)2, CaWO4, and undoped monoclinic ZnWO4 and CdWO4 as laser-active and stimulated Raman scattering-active crystals,” Appl. Opt. 38(21), 4533–4547 (1999). [CrossRef]
  10. S. Ding, X. Zhang, Q. Wang, F. Su, P. Jia, S. Li, S. Li, S. Fan, J. Chang, S. Zhang, and Z. Liu, “Theoretical and experimental study on the self-Raman laser with Nd:YVO4 crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 927–933 (2006). [CrossRef]
  11. D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, “The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers,” Phys. Lett. 20(3), 277–278 (1966). [CrossRef]
  12. J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staber, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, “Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12: Cr3+ Laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 1077–1099 (1988). [CrossRef]
  13. A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, Mill Valley, Calif. 1986) Chap. 25, pp. 962–964; Chap. 11, pp. 428–429.
  14. K. J. Weingarten, B. Braun, and U. Keller, “In situ small-signal gain of solid-state lasers determined from relaxation oscillation frequency measurements,” Opt. Lett. 19(15), 1140–1142 (1994). [PubMed]
  15. D. C. Hanna, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, A. I. Ferguson, and M. W. Phillips, “Measurements of fibre laser losses via relaxation oscillations,” Opt. Commun. 68(2), 128–132 (1988). [CrossRef]
  16. A. A. Kaminskii, K. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. A. Gad, T. Murai, and J. R. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 - new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194(1-3), 201–206 (2001). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited