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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 12 — Jun. 7, 2010
  • pp: 12807–12817

Surface plasmon-enhanced and quenched two-photon excited fluorescence

Chun-Yu Lin, Kuo-Chih Chiu, Chia-Yuan Chang, Shih-Hui Chang, Tzung-Fang Guo, and Shean-Jen Chen  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 12, pp. 12807-12817 (2010)

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This study investigated theoretically and experimentally that two-photon excited fluorescence is enhanced and quenched via surface plasmons (SPs) excited by total internal reflection with a silver film. The fluorescence intensity is fundamentally affected by the local electromagnetic field enhancement and the quantum yield change according to the surrounding structure and materials. By utilizing the Fresnel equation and classical dipole radiation modeling, local electric field enhancement, fluorescence quantum yield, and fluorescence emission coupling yield via SPs were theoretically analyzed at different dielectric spacer thicknesses between the fluorescence dye and the metal film. The fluorescence lifetime was also decreased substantially via the quenching effect. A two-photon excited total internal reflection fluorescence (TIRF) microscopy with a time-correlated single photon counting device has been developed to measure the fluorescence lifetimes, photostabilities, and enhancements. The experimental results demonstrate that the fluorescence lifetimes and the trend of the enhancements are consistent with the theoretical analysis. The maximum fluorescence enhancement factor in the surface plasmon-total internal reflection fluorescence (SP-TIRF) configuration can be increased up to 30 fold with a suitable thickness SiO2 spacer. Also, to compromise for the fluorescence enhancement and the fluorophore photostability, we find that the SP-TIRF configuration with a 10 nm SiO2 spacer can provide an enhanced and less photobleached fluorescent signal via the assistance of enhanced local electromagnetic field and quenched fluorescence lifetime, respectively.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(170.2520) Medical optics and biotechnology : Fluorescence microscopy
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons
(180.4315) Microscopy : Nonlinear microscopy

ToC Category:
Optics at Surfaces

Original Manuscript: April 23, 2010
Revised Manuscript: May 27, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: May 27, 2010
Published: May 28, 2010

Virtual Issues
Vol. 5, Iss. 10 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Chun-Yu Lin, Kuo-Chih Chiu, Chia-Yuan Chang, Shih-Hui Chang, Tzung-Fang Guo, and Shean-Jen Chen, "Surface plasmon-enhanced and quenched two-photon excited fluorescence," Opt. Express 18, 12807-12817 (2010)

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