OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 12 — Jun. 7, 2010
  • pp: 13057–13062

Enhancement of quality factor for TE whispering-gallery modes in microcylinder resonators

Yue-De Yang, Yong-Zhen Huang, Wei-Hua Guo, Qiaoyin Lu, and John F. Donegan  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 12, pp. 13057-13062 (2010)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (916 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The enhancement of quality factor for TE whispering-gallery modes is analyzed for three-dimensional microcylinder resonators based on the destructive interference between vertical leakage modes. In the microcylinder resonator, the TE whispering-gallery modes can couple with vertical propagation modes, which results in vertical radiation loss and low quality factors. However, the vertical loss can be canceled by choosing appropriate thickness of the upper cladding layer or radius of the microcylinder. A mode quality factor increase by three orders of magnitude is predicted by finite-difference time-domain simulation. Furthermore, the condition of vertical leakage cancellation is analyzed.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(230.3990) Optical devices : Micro-optical devices
(230.5750) Optical devices : Resonators

ToC Category:
Optical Devices

Original Manuscript: April 26, 2010
Revised Manuscript: May 30, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: May 30, 2010
Published: June 2, 2010

Yue-De Yang, Yong-Zhen Huang, Wei-Hua Guo, Qiaoyin Lu, and John F. Donegan, "Enhancement of quality factor for TE whispering-gallery modes in microcylinder resonators," Opt. Express 18, 13057-13062 (2010)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Pearton, and R. A. Logan, “Whispering-Gallery Mode Microdisk Lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 60(3), 289–291 (1992). [CrossRef]
  2. M. Arzberger, G. Bohm, M. C. Amann, and G. Abstreiter, “Continuous room-temperature operation of electrically pumped quantum-dot microcylinder lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79(12), 1766–1768 (2001). [CrossRef]
  3. Y. D. Yang, Y. Z. Huang, and Q. Chen, “High-Q TM whispering-gallery modes in three-dimensional microcylinders,” Phys. Rev. A 75(1), 013817 (2007). [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Z. Huang and Y. D. Yang, “Mode coupling and vertical radiation loss for whispering-gallery modes in 3-D microcavities,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(11), 1411–1416 (2008). [CrossRef]
  5. V. N. Astratov, S. Yang, S. Lam, B. D. Jones, D. Sanvitto, D. M. Whittaker, A. M. Fox, M. S. Skolnick, A. Tahraoui, P. W. Fry, and M. Hopkinson, “Whispering gallery resonances in semiconductor micropillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(7), 071115 (2007). [CrossRef]
  6. A. Taflove, and S. C. Hagness, Computational Electrodynamics: The Finite-Difference Time Domain Method, Third Edition.(Boston: Artech House, 2005).
  7. B. J. Li and P. L. Liu, “Numerical analysis of the whispering gallery modes by the finite-difference time-domain method,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32(9), 1583–1587 (1996). [CrossRef]
  8. F. L. Teixeira and W. C. Chew, “Systematic derivation of anisotropic PML absorbing media in cylindrical and spherical coordinates,” IEEE Microw. Guid. Wave Lett. 7(11), 371–373 (1997). [CrossRef]
  9. W. H. Guo, W. J. Li, and Y. Z. Huang, “Computation of resonant frequencies and quality factors of cavities by FDTD technique and Pade approximation,” IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 11(5), 223–225 (2001). [CrossRef]
  10. X. S. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, W. H. Guo, Q. Chen, M. Q. Wang, and L. J. Yu, “Investigation of mode characteristics for microdisk resonators by S-matrix and three-dimensional finite-difference time-domain technique,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(6), 1068–1073 (2006). [CrossRef]
  11. Q. Y. Lu, W. H. Guo, D. Byrne, and J. F. Donegan, “Compact 2D FDTD method combined with Padé approximation transform for leaky modes analysis,” J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).
  12. B. E. Little, J. P. Laine, D. R. Lim, H. A. Haus, L. C. Kimerling, and S. T. Chu, “Pedestal antiresonant reflecting waveguides for robust coupling to microsphere resonators and for microphotonic circuits,” Opt. Lett. 25(1), 73–75 (2000). [CrossRef]
  13. D. Marcuse, Light Transmission Optics, Second Edition. (New York: Van Nosrand Reinhold Company, 1982).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited