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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 15 — Jul. 19, 2010
  • pp: 15426–15439

Noise performance of optical fiber transmission links that use non-degenerate cascaded phase-sensitive amplifiers

Zhi Tong, C. J. McKinstrie, Carl Lundström, Magnus Karlsson, and Peter A. Andrekson  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 15, pp. 15426-15439 (2010)

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Based on semi-classical theory, the noise performance of a multi-span fiber optical transmission system employing a cascaded phase-insensitive amplifier (PIA) and phase-sensitive amplifiers (PSAs) is investigated. Compared with the pure-PIA and pure-PSA based in-line amplification schemes, the copier + PSA scheme is found to improve the system NF by up to 6 and 3 dB, respectively, in an optimized long-haul fiber link. In addition, this cascaded configuration will significantly relax the requirement for accurate phase- and wavelength-locking which is rigorously needed in the pure-PSA configuration. This scheme is also modulation-format independent. As a proof of concept, the NF of a fiber parametric amplifier based copier + PSA cascade with inter-stage attenuation representing the fiber link is measured, which shows a 1.8-dB total NF improvement over the conventional EDFA cascade.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2320) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics amplifiers and oscillators
(190.4380) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, four-wave mixing

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: April 19, 2010
Revised Manuscript: June 22, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: June 28, 2010
Published: July 6, 2010

Zhi Tong, C. J. McKinstrie, Carl Lundström, Magnus Karlsson, and Peter A. Andrekson, "Noise performance of optical fiber transmission links that use non-degenerate cascaded phase-sensitive amplifiers," Opt. Express 18, 15426-15439 (2010)

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