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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 15 — Jul. 19, 2010
  • pp: 15893–15900

Compact Bragg grating with embedded metallic nano-structures

Jianwei Mu, Xun Li, and Wei-Ping Huang  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 15, pp. 15893-15900 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.015893


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Abstract

A compact Bragg grating with embedded gapped metallic nano-structures is proposed and investigated theoretically. The Bragg grating consists of periodic planar metallic strips embedded in a dielectric waveguide. The grating exhibits distinct polarization characteristics due to its underlying working mechanisms of the metallic nano-strips. The grating can be considered as insulator-metal-insulator surface plasmonic polariton waveguide grating with improved light confinement for TM polarized waves. For the TE waves, significant field mismatch between metal and non-metal sections of the grating results in strong reflection. Comparison with the conventional deeply-etched grating on the same waveguide structures reveals interesting characteristics. It is concluded that the two types of grating structures share similar guidance, reflection and loss mechanisms for the TE modes. The spectral characteristics and their dependences on grating duty cycle are drastically different for the TM modes, mainly due to the SPP effect for the metal. Although the proposed grating performs slightly worse comparing to the deeply-etched grating for TE waves, its fabrication process should be easier since there will be no narrow trench (in sub-microns) deep-etching process (up to a few microns in depth) involved.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(230.7390) Optical devices : Waveguides, planar
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons

ToC Category:
Optical Devices

History
Original Manuscript: May 24, 2010
Revised Manuscript: June 27, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: June 29, 2010
Published: July 12, 2010

Citation
Jianwei Mu, Xun Li, and Wei-Ping Huang, "Compact Bragg grating with embedded metallic nano-structures," Opt. Express 18, 15893-15900 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-15-15893


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