OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 16 — Aug. 2, 2010
  • pp: 16849–16857

Cascaded multiplexed optical link on a telecommunication network for frequency dissemination

Olivier Lopez, Adil Haboucha, Fabien Kéfélian, Haifeng Jiang, Bruno Chanteau, Vincent Roncin, Christian Chardonnet, Anne Amy-Klein, and Giorgio Santarelli  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 16, pp. 16849-16857 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.016849


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2725 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We demonstrate a cascaded optical link for ultrastable frequency dissemination comprised of two compensated links of 150 km and a repeater station. Each link includes 114 km of Internet fiber simultaneously carrying data traffic through a dense wavelength division multiplexing technology, and passes through two routing centers of the telecommunication network. The optical reference signal is inserted in and extracted from the communication network using bidirectional optical add-drop multiplexers. The repeater station operates autonomously ensuring noise compensation on the two links and the ultra-stable signal optical regeneration. The compensated link shows a fractional frequency instability of 3 × 10−15 at one second measurement time and 5 × 10−20 at 20 hours. This work paves the way to a wide dissemination of ultra-stable optical clock signals between distant laboratories via the Internet network.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2360) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics links and subsystems
(120.3930) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Metrological instrumentation
(120.5050) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Phase measurement
(140.0140) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers and laser optics

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: June 16, 2010
Revised Manuscript: July 16, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: July 17, 2010
Published: July 23, 2010

Citation
Olivier Lopez, Adil Haboucha, Fabien Kéfélian, Haifeng Jiang, Bruno Chanteau, Vincent Roncin, Christian Chardonnet, Anne Amy-Klein, and Giorgio Santarelli, "Cascaded multiplexed optical link on a telecommunication network for frequency dissemination," Opt. Express 18, 16849-16857 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-16-16849


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, “Remote transfer of ultrastable frequency references via fiber networks,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78(2), 021101 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. C. Daussy, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, C. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, D. Chambon, S. Bize, A. Clairon, G. Santarelli, M. E. Tobar, and A. N. Luiten, “Long-distance frequency dissemination with a resolution of 10(-17).,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(20), 203904 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. Calhoun, S. Huang, and R. L. Tjoelker, “Stable Photonic Links for Frequency and Time Transfer in the Deep-Space Network and Antenna Arrays,” IEEE Proc 95(10), 1931–1946 (2007). [CrossRef]
  4. B. Shillue, S. Albanna, and L. D'Addario, “Transmission of low phase noise, low phase drift millimeter-wavelength references by a stabilized fiber distribution system,” Proceedings of IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (IEEE, 2004), pp. 201–204.
  5. R. Wilcox, J. M. Byrd, L. Doolittle, G. Huang, and J. W. Staples, “Stable transmission of radio frequency signals on fiber links using interferometric delay sensing,” Opt. Lett. 34(20), 3050–3052 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. G. Karshenboim, “Fundamental physical constants: looking from different angles,” Can. J. Phys. 83(8), 767–811 (2005). [CrossRef]
  7. V. V. Flambaum, “Enhanced effect of temporal variation of the fine-structure constant in diatomic molecules,” Phys. Rev. D 69, 115006 (2004). [CrossRef]
  8. J. P. Uzan, “The fundamental constants and their variation: observational and theoretical status,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 75(2), 403–455 (2003). [CrossRef]
  9. O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, C. Daussy, Ch. Chardonnet, F. Narbonneau, M. Lours, and G. Santarelli, “86-km optical link with a resolution of 2×10−18 for RF frequency transfer,” Eur. Phys. J. D 48(1), 35–41 (2008). [CrossRef]
  10. M. Fujieda, M. Kumagai, and S. Nagano, “Coherent microwave transfer over a 204-km telecom fiber link by a cascaded system,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 57(1), 168–174 (2010). [CrossRef]
  11. M. Kumagai, M. Fujieda, S. Nagano, and M. Hosokawa, “Stable radio frequency transfer in 114 km urban optical fiber link,” Opt. Lett. 34(19), 2949–2951 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, M. Lours, Ch. Chardonnet, and G. Santarelli, “High-resolution microwave frequency dissemination on an 86-km urban optical link,” Appl. Phys. B 98(4), 723–727 (2010). [CrossRef]
  13. N. R. Newbury, P. A. Williams, and W. C. Swann, “Coherent transfer of an optical carrier over 251 km,” Opt. Lett. 32(21), 3056–3058 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. P. A. Williams, W. C. Swann, and N. R. Newbury, “High-stability transfer of an optical frequency over long fiber-optic links,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(8), 1284–1293 (2008). [CrossRef]
  15. M. Musha, F. L. Hong, K. Nakagawa, and K. Ueda, “Coherent optical frequency transfer over 50-km physical distance using a 120-km-long installed telecom fiber network,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16459–16466 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. H. Jiang, F. Kéfélian, S. Crane, O. Lopez, M. Lours, J. Millo, D. Holleville, P. Lemonde, Ch. Chardonnet, A. Amy-Klein, and G. Santarelli, “Long-distance frequency transfer over an urban fiber link using optical phase stabilization,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(12), 2029–2035 (2008). [CrossRef]
  17. G. Grosche, O. Terra, K. Predehl, R. Holzwarth, B. Lipphardt, F. Vogt, U. Sterr, and H. Schnatz, “Optical frequency transfer via 146 km fiber link with 10 -19 relative accuracy,” Opt. Lett. 34(15), 2270–2272 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. O. Terra, G. Grosche, K. Predehl, R. Holzwarth, T. Legero, U. Sterr, B. Lipphardt, and H. Schnatz, “Phase-coherent comparison of two optical frequency standards over 146 km using a telecommunication fiber link,” Appl. Phys. B 97(3), 541–551 (2009). [CrossRef]
  19. H. Schnatz, O. Terra, K. Predehl, T. Feldmann, T. Legero, B. Lipphardt, U. Sterr, G. Grosche, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, T. Udem, Z. H. Lu, L. J. Wang, W. Ertmer, J. Friebe, A. Pape, E.-M. Rasel, M. Riedmann, and T. Wübbena, “Phase-coherent frequency comparison of optical clocks using a telecommunication fiber link,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 57(1), 175–181 (2010). [CrossRef]
  20. F. Kéfélian, H. Jiang, O. Lopez, Ch. Chardonnet, A. Amy-Klein, and G. Santarelli, “Long-distance ultrastable frequency transfer over urban fiber link: toward a European network,” Proc. SPIE 7431, 74310D (2009). [CrossRef]
  21. G. Grosche, et al., “1,5 µm Fiber Network for Long-Distance Metrology,” Proceedings of IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium (IEEE, 2010), to be published.
  22. F. Kéfélian, O. Lopez, H. Jiang, Ch. Chardonnet, A. Amy-Klein, and G. Santarelli, “High-resolution optical frequency dissemination on a telecommunications network with data traffic,” Opt. Lett. 34(10), 1573–1575 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. O. Terra, G. Grosche, and H. Schnatz, “Brillouin amplification in phase coherent transfer of optical frequencies over 480 km fiber,” Opt. Express 18(15), 16102-16111 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. G. Grosche, Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Braunschweig, Germany; patent application DE 10.2008.062.139, “Method for making available a reference frequency” (personal communication, 2010).
  25. A. Shelkovnikov, R. J. Butcher, C. Chardonnet, and A. Amy-Klein, “Stability of the proton-to-electron mass ratio,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(15), 150801 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited