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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 16 — Aug. 2, 2010
  • pp: 17124–17129

The influence of the degree of cross-polarization on the Hanbury Brown-Twiss effect

Asma Al-Qasimi, Mayukh Lahiri, David Kuebel, Daniel F. V. James, and Emil Wolf  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 16, pp. 17124-17129 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.017124


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Abstract

We show, by an example, that the knowledge of the degree of coherence and of the degree of polarization of a light beam incident on two photo detectors is not adequate to predict correlations in the fluctuations of the currents generated in the detectors (the Hanbury Brown-Twiss effect). The knowledge of the so-called degree of cross-polarization, introduced not long ago, is also needed.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(030.1640) Coherence and statistical optics : Coherence
(260.3160) Physical optics : Interference
(260.5430) Physical optics : Polarization

ToC Category:
Coherence and Statistical Optics

History
Original Manuscript: May 27, 2010
Revised Manuscript: July 3, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: July 19, 2010
Published: July 28, 2010

Citation
Asma Al-Qasimi, Mayukh Lahiri, David Kuebel, Daniel F. V. James, and Emil Wolf, "The influence of the degree of cross-polarization on the Hanbury Brown-Twiss effect," Opt. Express 18, 17124-17129 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-16-17124


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References

  1. R. H. Brown, and R. Q. Twiss, “A new type of interferometer for use in radio astronomy,” Philos. Mag. 45, 663–682 (1954).
  2. R. H. Brown, and R. Q. Twiss, “Correlation between photons in two coherent beams of light,” Nature 177, 27–29 (1956). [CrossRef]
  3. R. H. Brown, and R. Q. Twiss, ““Interferometry of the intensity fluctuations in light, I: basic theory: the correlation between photons in coherent beams of radiation,” Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) Sec. A 242, 300–324 (1957). [CrossRef]
  4. R. H. Brown, and R. Q. Twiss, ““Interferometry of the intensity fluctuations in light, II: an experimental test of the theory for partially coherent light,” Proc. Roy. Soc. (London) Sec. A 243, 291–319 (1957). [CrossRef]
  5. L. Mandel, and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1995).
  6. E. Wolf, Introduction to the Theory of Coherence and Polarization of Light (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2007).
  7. G. Baym, “The Physics of Hanbury Brown-Twiss intensity interferometry: from stars to nuclear collisions,” Acta Phys. Poln. B 29, 1839–1884 (1998).
  8. D. Kleppner, “Hanbury Brown’s steamroller,” Phys. Today 61, 8–9 (2008). [CrossRef]
  9. T. Shirai, and E. Wolf, “Correlations between intensity fluctuations in stochastic electromagnetic beams of any state of coherence and polarization,” Opt. Commun. 272, 289–292 (2007). [CrossRef]
  10. S. N. Volkov, D. F. V. James, T. Shirai, and E. Wolf, “Intensity fluctuations and the degree of cross-polarization in stochastic electromagnetic beams,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 10, 055001 (2008). [CrossRef]
  11. In Refs. [9] and [10] the degree of cross-polarization was defined in the space-frequency domain. A definition of the degree of the degree of cross-polarization in the space-time domain was introduced in Ref. [12]. Another two point generalization of the degree of polarization, called complex degree of mutual polarization was introduced in Ref. [13].
  12. D. Kuebel, “Properties of the degree of cross-polarization in the space-time domain,” Opt. Commun. 282, 3397–3401 (2009). [CrossRef]
  13. J. Ellis, and A. Dogariu, “Complex degree of mutual polarization,” Opt. Lett. 29, 536–538 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. E. Wolf, “Correlation-induced changes in the degree of polarization, the degree of coherence, and the spectrum of random electromagnetic beams on propagation,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1078–1080 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. H. Roychowdhury, and O. Korotkova, “Realizability conditions for electromagnetic Gaussian Schell-model sources,” Opt. Commun. 249, 379–385 (2005). [CrossRef]
  16. F. Gori, M. Santarsiero, R. Borghi, and V. Ramírez-Sánchez, “Realizability condition for electromagnetic Schell model sources,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 25, 1016–1021 (2008). [CrossRef]

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