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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 17 — Aug. 16, 2010
  • pp: 17764–17775

All-optical signal processing at ultra-low powers in bottle microresonators using the Kerr effect

Michael Pöllinger and Arno Rauschenbeutel  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 17, pp. 17764-17775 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.017764


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Abstract

We present experimental results on nonlinear, ultra-low power photonics applications based on a silica whispering-gallery-mode microresonator. Our bottle microresonator combines an ultrahigh quality factor of Q > 108 with a small mode volume V. The resulting Q2/V-ratio is among the highest realized for optical microresonators and allows us to observe bistable behavior at very low powers. We report single-wavelength all-optical switching via the Kerr effect at a record-low threshold of 50 µW. Moreover, an advantageous mode geometry enables the coupling of two tapered fiber waveguides to a bottle mode in an add-drop configuration. This allows us to route a CW optical signal between both fiber outputs with high efficiency by varying its power level. Finally, we demonstrate that the same set-up can also be operated as an optical memory.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.1450) Nonlinear optics : Bistability
(190.3270) Nonlinear optics : Kerr effect
(210.4680) Optical data storage : Optical memories
(230.1150) Optical devices : All-optical devices

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

History
Original Manuscript: May 20, 2010
Revised Manuscript: July 26, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: July 28, 2010
Published: August 3, 2010

Citation
Michael Pöllinger and Arno Rauschenbeutel, "All-optical signal processing at ultra-low powers in bottle microresonators using the Kerr effect," Opt. Express 18, 17764-17775 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-17-17764


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