OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 18 — Aug. 30, 2010
  • pp: 18703–18711

Optofluidic compound microlenses made by emulsion techniques

Sergio Calixto, Martha Rosete-Aguilar, Francisco J. Sanchez-Marin, Virginia Marañon, Jose Luis Arauz-Lara, Diana Mendoza Olivares, Margarita Calixto-Solano, and E. Militza Martinez-Prado  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 18, pp. 18703-18711 (2010)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (842 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Here we present a new method to make liquid lenses. It is based on the microfluidics method and involves the preparation of emulsions one drop at a time. Tests of lenses by image formation are presented. Experimental results are compared with results of an optical design program. We also present a new type of lens that we call a Compound Lens which consists of two spherical lenses, one inside the other.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(160.4670) Materials : Optical materials
(230.3990) Optical devices : Micro-optical devices
(230.4000) Optical devices : Microstructure fabrication
(350.3950) Other areas of optics : Micro-optics

ToC Category:
Optical Devices

Original Manuscript: May 3, 2010
Revised Manuscript: July 5, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: July 12, 2010
Published: August 18, 2010

Sergio Calixto, Martha Rosete-Aguilar, Francisco J. Sanchez-Marin, Virginia Marañon, Jose Luis Arauz-Lara, Diana Mendoza Olivares, Margarita Calixto-Solano, and E. Militza Martinez-Prado, "Optofluidic compound microlenses made by emulsion techniques," Opt. Express 18, 18703-18711 (2010)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. D. Erickson, C. Yang, and D. Psaltis, “Optofluidics emerges from the laboratory,” Photon. Spectra 42, 74–79 (2008).
  2. D. Yin, D. W. Deamer, H. Schmidt, J. P. Barber, and A. R. Hawkins, “Integrated optical waveguides with liquid cores,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(16), 3477–3479 (2004). [CrossRef]
  3. Z. Li and D. Psaltis, “Optofluidic Dye Lasers,” Microfluid. Nanofluid. 4(1-2), 145–158 (2008). [CrossRef]
  4. C. Grillet, P. Domachuk, V. Ta’eed, E. Mägi, J. A. Bolger, B. J. Eggleton, L. E. Rodd, and J. Cooper-White, “Compact tunable microfluidic interferometer,” Opt. Express 12(22), 5440–5447 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. H. Ren and S.-T. Wu, “Variable-focus liquid lens,” Opt. Express 15(10), 5931–5936 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Y. Hongbin, Z. Guangya, C. F. Siong, and L. Feiwen, “Optofluidic variable aperture,” Opt. Lett. 33(6), 548–550 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. E. Vasdekis, G. E. Town, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Fluidic fibre dye lasers,” Opt. Express 15(7), 3962–3967 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. S. Calixto, M. E. Sánchez-Morales, F. J. Sánchez-Marin, M. Rosete-Aguilar, A. M. Richa, and K. A. Barrera-Rivera, “Optofluidic variable focus lenses,” Appl. Opt. 48(12), 2308–2314 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. Calixto, F. J. Sanchez-Marin, and M. Rosete-Aguilar, “Pressure sensor with optofluidic configuration,” Appl. Opt. 47(35), 6580–6585 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. Kuiper and B. H. W. Hendriks, “Variable-focus liquid lens for miniature cameras,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(7), 1128–1130 (2004). [CrossRef]
  11. A. S. Utada, A. Fernandez-Nieves, H. A. Stone, and D. A. Weitz, “Dripping to jetting transitions in coflowing liquid streams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 094502 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. F. Leal-Calderon, V. Schmidt, and J. Bibette, Emulsion Science, Basic Principles (Springer, New York, 2007)
  13. N. Pulido-Mayoral and E. Galindo, “Phases dispersion and oxygen transfer in a simulated fermentation broth containing castor oil and proteins,” Biotechnol. Prog. 20(5), 1608–1613 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. S. Lucatero, C. P. Larralde-Corona, G. Corkidi, and E. Galindo, “Oil and air dispersion in a simulated fermentation broth as a function of mycelial morphology,” Biotechnol. Prog. 19(2), 285–292 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. S. Cordova-Aguilar, R. Diaz-Uribe, O. Escobar, G. Corkidi, and E. Galindo, “An optical approach for identifying the nature and the relative 3D spatial position of components of complex structures formed in multiphase dispersión systems,” Chem. Eng. Sci. 63(11), 3047–3056 (2008). [CrossRef]
  16. M. McCoy, “Surfactant firms end a tough year,” Chem. Eng. News 84, 21–22 (2006). [CrossRef]
  17. L. Vicari, “Self focusing in microemulsions,” Proc. SPIE 3749, 524–525 (1999). [CrossRef]
  18. F. Riechert, G. Bastian, and U. Lemmer, “Laser speckle reduction via colloidal-dispersion-filled projection screens,” Appl. Opt. 48(19), 3742–3749 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. R. C. Gonzalez, and R. E. Woods, Digital Image Processing (Addison-Wesley, Reading, 1992)
  20. Cole-Parmer, Catalog number U-25702, Hamilton syringes. www.coleparmer.com
  21. M. B. Klein, Optics, (John Wiley and Sons,1970). P. 383
  22. E. Navarrete-García and S. Calixto, “Continuous surface relief micro-optical elements fabricated on photographic emulsions by use of binary and halftone masks,” Opt. Mater. 23(3-4), 501–512 (2003). [CrossRef]
  23. M. Freemantle, “New Frontiers for Ionic Liquids,” Chem. Eng. News 85, 120–126 (2007).
  24. T. P. Pham, C.-W. Cho, and Y.-S. Yun, “Environmental fate and toxicity of ionic liquids: a review,” Water Res. 44(2), 352–372 (2010). [CrossRef]
  25. C. H. Dong, L. He, Y. F. Xiao, V. R. Gaddam, S. K. Ozdemir, Z. F. Han, G. C. Guo, and L. Yang, “Fabrication of high-Q polydimethylsiloxane optical microspheres for thermal sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(23), 231119 (2009). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited