OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 18 — Aug. 30, 2010
  • pp: 18744–18751

Measurement and real-time cancellation of vibration-induced phase noise in a cavity-stabilized laser

Michael J. Thorpe, David R. Leibrandt, Tara M. Fortier, and Till Rosenband  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 18, pp. 18744-18751 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.018744


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2125 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We demonstrate a method to measure and actively reduce the coupling of vibrations to the phase noise of a cavity-stabilized laser. This method uses the vibration noise of the laboratory environment rather than active drive to perturb the optical cavity. The laser phase noise is measured via a beat note with a second unperturbed ultra-stable laser while the vibrations are measured by accelerometers positioned around the cavity. A Wiener filter algorithm extracts the frequency and direction dependence of the cavity response function. Once the cavity response function is known, real-time noise cancellation can be implemented by use of the accelerometer measurements to predict and then cancel the laser phase fluctuations. We present real-time noise cancellation that results in a 25 dB reduction of the laser phase noise power spectral density.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(120.7280) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Vibration analysis
(140.4780) Lasers and laser optics : Optical resonators
(140.3425) Lasers and laser optics : Laser stabilization

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: May 26, 2010
Revised Manuscript: July 21, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: July 22, 2010
Published: August 18, 2010

Citation
Michael J. Thorpe, David R. Leibrandt, Tara M. Fortier, and Till Rosenband, "Measurement and real-time cancellation of vibration-induced phase noise in a cavity-stabilized laser," Opt. Express 18, 18744-18751 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-18-18744


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. B. C. Young, F. C. Cruz, W. M. Itano, and J. C. Bergquist, "Visible Lasers with Subhertz Linewidths," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3799-3802 (1999). [CrossRef]
  2. R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, "Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator," Appl. Phys. B 31, 97-105 (1983). [CrossRef]
  3. K. Numata, A. Kemery, and J. Camp, "Thermal-Noise Limit in the Frequency Stabilization of Lasers with Rigid Cavities," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 250602 (2004). [CrossRef]
  4. M. Notcutt, L. S. Ma, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, "Simple and compact 1-Hz laser system via an improved mounting configuration of a reference cavity," Opt. Lett. 30, 1815-1817 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. C. W. Chou, D. B. Hume, J. C. J. Koelemeij, D. J. Wineland, and T. Rosenband, "Frequency Comparison of Two High-Accuracy Al+ Optical Clocks," Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 070802 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage, B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Weßels, and L. Winkelmann, "Stabilized lasers for advanced gravitational wave detectors," Class. Quantum Gravity 25, 114040 (2008). [CrossRef]
  7. T. Rosenband, D. B. Hume, P. O. Schmidt, C. W. Chou, A. Brusch, L. Lorini, W. H. Oskay, R. E. Drullinger, T. M. Fortier, J. E. Stalnaker, S. A. Diddams, W. C. Swann, N. R. Newbury, W. M. Itano, D. J. Wineland, and J. C. Bergquist, "Frequency Ratio of Al+ and Hg+ Single-Ion Optical Clocks; Metrology at the 17th Decimal Place," Science 28, 1808-1812 (2008). [CrossRef]
  8. T. Nazarova, F. Riehle, and U. Sterr, "Vibration-insensitive reference cavity for an ultra-narrow-linewidth laser," Appl. Phys. B 83, 531-536 (2006). [CrossRef]
  9. J. Millo, S. Dawkins, R. Chicireanu, D. V. Magalhaes, C. Mandache, D. Holleville, M. Lours, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, "Ultra-stable optical cavities: Design and experiments at LNE-SYRTE," Proc. IEEE Freq. Control Symp.(IEEE, 2008), pp. 110-114. [CrossRef]
  10. S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, S. Pugla, J. Millo, and P. Gill, "Thermal-noise-optical cavity," Phys. Rev. A 77, 033847 (2008). [CrossRef]
  11. A. Hati, C. W. Nelson, D. A. Howe, N. Ashby, J. Taylor, K. M. Hudek, C. Hay, D. Seidel, and D. Eliyahu, "Vibration sensitivity of microwave components," Proc. 2007 Joint Mtg. IEEE Int. Freq. Control Symp. and EFTF Conf. (IEEE, 2007), pp. 541-546.
  12. A. Hati, C. W. Nelson, J. Taylor, N. Ashby, and D. A. Howe, "Cancellation of Vibration-Induced Phase Noise in Optical Fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1842-1844 (2008). [CrossRef]
  13. N. Wiener, "Extrapolation, Interpolation, and Smoothing of Stationary Time Series," (The MIT Press, 1949).
  14. J. C. Bergquist, W. M. Itano, and D. J. Wineland, "Laser Stabilization to a Single Ion," in Frontiers in Laser Spectroscopy, proc. International School of Physics "Enrico Fermi", T. W. Hänsch and M. Inguscio eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 2004), pp. 359-376.
  15. L. S. Ma, P. Junger, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, "Delivering the same optical frequency at two places: accurate cancellation of phase noise introduced by an optical fiber or other time-varying path," Opt. Lett. 19, 1777-1779 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. T. M. Fortier, A. Bartels, and S. A. Diddams, "Octave-spanning Ti:sapphire laser with a repetition rate >1 GHz for optical frequency measurements and comparisons," Opt. Lett. 31, 1011-1013 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. Z. W. Barber, C. W. Hoyt, C. W. Oates, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, "Direct excitation of the forbidden clock transition in neutral 174Yb atoms confined to an optical lattice," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 083002 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. S. Haykin, "The LMS filter algorithm," in Least-Mean-Square Adaptive Filters, S. Haykin and B. Widrow eds. (Wiley, 2003), pp. xi-xiii.
  19. J. Volder, "The CORDIC Trigonometric Computing Technique," IRE Trans. Electron. Comput. EC-8, 330-334 (1959). [CrossRef]
  20. D. L. Jones, "Discrete-Time, Causal Wiener Filter," http://cnx.org/content/m11825/latest/.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3.
 
Fig. 4.
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited