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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 18 — Aug. 30, 2010
  • pp: 19009–19019

Long range surface plasmons on asymmetric suspended thin film structures for biosensing applications

Qiao Min, Chengkun Chen, Pierre Berini, and Reuven Gordon  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 18, pp. 19009-19019 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.019009


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Abstract

We show that long-range surface plasmons (LRSPs) are supported in a physically asymmetric thin film structure, consisting of a low refractive index medium on a metal slab, supported by a high refractive index dielectric layer (membrane) over air, as a suspended waveguide. For design purposes, an analytic formulation is derived in 1D yielding a transcendental equation that ensures symmetry of the transverse fields of the LRSP within the metal slab by constraining its thicknesses and that of the membrane. Results from the formulation are in quantitative agreement with transfer matrix calculations for a candidate slab waveguide consisting of an H2O-Au-SiO2-air structure. Biosensor-relevant figures of merit are compared for the asymmetric and symmetric structures, and it is found that the asymmetric structure actually improves performance, despite higher losses. The finite difference method is also used to analyse metal stripes providing 2D confinement on the structure, and additional constraints for non-radiative LRSP guiding thereon are discussed. These results are promising for sensors that operate with an aqueous solution that would otherwise require a low refractive index-matched substrate for the LRSP.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(130.2790) Integrated optics : Guided waves
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons
(280.1415) Remote sensing and sensors : Biological sensing and sensors

ToC Category:
Optics at Surfaces

History
Original Manuscript: July 23, 2010
Revised Manuscript: August 18, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: August 18, 2010
Published: August 20, 2010

Virtual Issues
Vol. 5, Iss. 13 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Qiao Min, Chengkun Chen, Pierre Berini, and Reuven Gordon, "Long range surface plasmons on asymmetric suspended thin film structures for biosensing applications," Opt. Express 18, 19009-19019 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-18-19009


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