OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 18 — Aug. 30, 2010
  • pp: 19192–19200

Tellurium dioxide Erbium doped planar rib waveguide amplifiers with net gain and 2.8dB/cm internal gain

Khu Vu and Steve Madden  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 18, pp. 19192-19200 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.019192


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1066 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We report for the first time Erbium doped Tellurium dioxide single-mode planar rib waveguide amplifiers with net fiber to fiber gain and wide bandwidth operation. Peak internal gains of up to 14dB have been achieved in 5cm long rib waveguides (2.8dB/cm) fabricated by co-sputtering of Tellurium and Erbium in an oxygen ambient and reactive ion etching.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(130.3120) Integrated optics : Integrated optics devices
(140.3210) Lasers and laser optics : Ion lasers
(160.4670) Materials : Optical materials
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides

ToC Category:
Integrated Optics

History
Original Manuscript: July 6, 2010
Revised Manuscript: August 20, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: August 22, 2010
Published: August 25, 2010

Citation
Khu Vu and Steve Madden, "Tellurium dioxide Erbium doped planar rib waveguide amplifiers with net gain and 2.8dB/cm internal gain," Opt. Express 18, 19192-19200 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-18-19192


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. R. El-Mallawany, Tellurite Glasses Handbook: physical properties and data (CRC Press, 2002).
  2. S. Berneschi, G. Nunzi Conti, and G. Righini, “Planar Waveguide Ampflifiers,” Ceramist: Jnl Korean Ceram. Soc. 10, 75–85 (2007).
  3. G. van den Hoven, R. Koper, A. Polman, C. van Dam, J. van Uffelen, and M. Smit, “Net optical gain at 1.53 m in Er-doped Al2O3 waveguides on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(14), 1886–1888 (1996). [CrossRef]
  4. Y. C. Yan, A. J. Faber, H. de Waal, P. G. Kik, and A. Polman, “Erbium-doped phosphate glass waveguide on silicon with 4.1 dB/cm gain at 1.535 m,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(20), 2922 (1997). [CrossRef]
  5. G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, G. Sorbello, E. Cianci, and V. Foglietti, “Compact high gain erbium-ytterbium doped waveguide amplifier fabricated by Ag-Na ion exchange,” Electron. Lett. 42(11), 632–633 (2006). [CrossRef]
  6. F. Patel, S. DiCarolis, P. Lum, S. Venkatesh, and J. Miller, “A compact high-performance optical waveguide amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(12), 2607–2609 (2004). [CrossRef]
  7. A. Mori, “Tellurite-based fibers and their applications to optical communication networks,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 116(1358), 1040–1051 (2008). [CrossRef]
  8. C. Chryssou, F. Di Pasquale, and C. Pitt, “Er3+ doped channel waveguide amplifiers for WDM systems: A comparison of tellurite, alumina and Al/P silicate materials,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6(1), 114–121 (2000). [CrossRef]
  9. S. Dai, C. Yu, G. Zhou, J. Zhang, G. Wang, and L. Hu, “Concentration quenching in erbium-doped tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin. 117(1), 39–45 (2006). [CrossRef]
  10. S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, and A. K. Kar, “Tellurite glasses for broadband amplifiers and integrated optics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1391–1395 (2002). [CrossRef]
  11. T. T. Fernandez, G. Della Valle, R. Osellame, G. Jose, N. Chiodo, A. Jha, and P. Laporta, “Active waveguides written by femtosecond laser irradiation in an erbium-doped phospho-tellurite glass,” Opt. Express 16(19), 15198–15205 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S. J. Madden and K. T. Vu, “Very low loss reactively ion etched Tellurium Dioxide planar rib waveguides for linear and non-linear optics,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17645–17651 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. C. D. Wilkinson and M. Rahman, “Dry etching and sputtering,” Philos. Transact. A Math. Phys. Eng. Sci. 362(1814), 125–138 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. S. M. Pietralunga, M. Lanata, M. Ferè, D. Piccinin, G. Cusmai, M. Torregiani, and M. Martinelli, “High-contrast waveguides in sputtered pure TeO2 glass thin films,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21662–21670 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. C. Tewell and S. King, “Observation of metastable erbium trihydride,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 253(5), 2597–2602 (2006). [CrossRef]
  16. R. Grew, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, P. Veitch, and T. Monro, “Concentration effects in erbium doped tellurite glass,” in Conference on Optoelectronic and Microelectronic Materials and Devices, Proceedings, COMMAD(Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., Perth, Australia, 2006), pp. 196–199.
  17. J. Wang, E. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater. 3(3), 187–203 (1994). [CrossRef]
  18. X. Feng, W. H. Loh, J. C. Flanagan, A. Camerlingo, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, P. Horak, K. E. Frampton, N. M. White, J. H. Price, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, “Single-mode tellurite glass holey fiber with extremely large mode area for infrared nonlinear applications,” Opt. Express 16(18), 13651–13656 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. E. Taylor, L. Ng, J. Nilsson, R. Caponi, A. Pagano, M. Potenza, and B. Sordo, “Thulium-doped Tellurite Fiber Amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(3), 777–779 (2004). [CrossRef]
  20. S. Dai, C. Yu, G. Zhou, J. Zhang, and G. Wang, “Effect of OH- content on emission properties in Er3+-doped tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(12-13), 1357–1360 (2008). [CrossRef]
  21. A. A. Rieznik and G. Rigolin, “Spontaneous decay rates in active waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 30(10), 1108–1110 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. A. Wucher, Sputtering: Experiment (Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab, Copenhagen, 2006).
  23. P. Sun and R. M. Reano, “Cantilever couplers for intra-chip coupling to silicon photonic integrated circuits,” Opt. Express 17(6), 4565–4574 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. W. Miniscalco, “Erbium-doped glasses for fiber amplifiers at 1500nm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(2), 234–250 (1991). [CrossRef]
  25. P. Becker, N. Olsson, and J. R. Simpson, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Fundamentals and technology (Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 1997).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited