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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 19 — Sep. 13, 2010
  • pp: 20151–20163

Tailoring the soliton and supercontinuum dynamics by engineering the profile of tapered fibers

S. Pricking and H. Giessen  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 19, pp. 20151-20163 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.020151


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Abstract

We demonstrate by means of numerical simulations of the generalized Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation that the variation of the diameter of a tapered fiber along the fiber axis can be used as a new degree of freedom to tailor the spectrum generated by ultrashort laser pulses. We show that, apart from the cross-section geometry of the fiber and the materials used for the core, cladding, and surrounding medium, the diameter profile along the fiber axis crucially influences the soliton dynamics, the temporal and spectral evolution as well as the generation of a supercontinuum. As an example, we have investigated a few centimeters long conical waists, which reveal large differences of the output spectra depending on the incoupling direction. For a decreasing fiber diameter, we find that, keeping the pulse energy constant, a lower input peak power may generate a broader supercontinuum. We attribute this result to the dynamics of higher-order solitons. A comparison of the simulated spectra to experimentally measured ones shows excellent agreement.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.0060) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics and optical communications
(060.4370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Nonlinear optics, fibers
(060.5530) Fiber optics and optical communications : Pulse propagation and temporal solitons

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: July 23, 2010
Revised Manuscript: September 1, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: September 3, 2010
Published: September 7, 2010

Citation
Sebastian Pricking and Harald Giessen, "Tailoring the soliton and supercontinuum dynamics by engineering the profile of tapered fibers," Opt. Express 18, 20151-20163 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-19-20151


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