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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 2 — Jan. 18, 2010
  • pp: 1430–1437

High-order temporal coherences of
chaotic and laser light

Martin J. Stevens, Burm Baek, Eric A. Dauler, Andrew J. Kerman, Richard J. Molnar, Scott A. Hamilton, Karl K. Berggren, Richard P. Mirin, and Sae Woo Nam  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 2, pp. 1430-1437 (2010)

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We demonstrate a new approach to measuring high-order temporal coherences that uses a four-element superconducting nanowire single-photon detector. The four independent, interleaved single-photon-sensitive elements parse a single spatial mode of an optical beam over dimensions smaller than the minimum diffraction-limited spot size. Integrating this device with four-channel time-tagging electronics to generate multi-start, multi-stop histograms enables measurement of temporal coherences up to fourth order for a continuous range of all associated time delays. We observe high-order photon bunching from a chaotic, pseudo-thermal light source, measuring maximum third- and fourth-order coherence values of 5.87 ± 0.17 and 23.1 ± 1.8, respectively, in agreement with the theoretically predicted values of 3! = 6 and 4! = 24. Laser light, by contrast, is confirmed to have coherence values of approximately 1 for second, third and fourth orders at all time delays.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(030.5260) Coherence and statistical optics : Photon counting
(040.5570) Detectors : Quantum detectors
(270.1670) Quantum optics : Coherent optical effects
(270.5290) Quantum optics : Photon statistics

ToC Category:
Coherence and Statistical Optics

Original Manuscript: November 18, 2009
Revised Manuscript: December 23, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: December 26, 2009
Published: January 12, 2010

Martin J. Stevens, Burm Baek, Eric A. Dauler, Andrew J. Kerman, Richard J. Molnar, Scott A. Hamilton, Karl K. Berggren, Richard P. Mirin, and Sae Woo Nam, "High-order temporal coherences of
chaotic and laser light," Opt. Express 18, 1430-1437 (2010)

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