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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 2 — Jan. 18, 2010
  • pp: 809–821

Birefringence characteristics of nanoscale dielectrics with cubic and tetragonal lattices

Yin-Jung Chang and Thomas K. Gaylord  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 2, pp. 809-821 (2010)

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The birefringence in nanometer-scale dielectrics with the largest dimensions ranging from about 3 nm to 20 nm has been quantified by evaluating directly the summation of induced-dipole-electric-field contributions from all individual atoms within the entire dielectric volume. Various configurations in representative cubic and tetragonal systems are investigated by varying the ratio of lattice constants and the number of atoms in various directions to illustrate the chain-like and plane-like behavior regimes. The dielectric properties of the finite cubic crystal lattices change from isotropic to birefringent (uniaxial or biaxial) when the entire dielectric volume is changed from a cube to a rectangular parallelepiped in shape. In finite tetragonal crystals the birefringence increases with the increasing lattice constant ratios. The largest uniaxial birefringence occurs for non-cube dielectric volume with tetragonal lattices.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.1190) Materials : Anisotropic optical materials
(160.3130) Materials : Integrated optics materials
(160.4760) Materials : Optical properties

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: September 10, 2009
Revised Manuscript: December 8, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: December 28, 2009
Published: January 6, 2010

Yin-Jung Chang and Thomas K. Gaylord, "Birefringence characteristics of nanoscale dielectrics with cubic and tetragonal lattices," Opt. Express 18, 809-821 (2010)

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