OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 2 — Jan. 18, 2010
  • pp: 947–961

Femtosecond powder diffraction with a laser-driven hard X-ray source

F. Zamponi, Z. Ansari, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 2, pp. 947-961 (2010)

View Full Text Article

Acrobat PDF (2187 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



X-ray powder diffraction with a femtosecond time resolution is introduced to map ultrafast structural dynamics of polycrystalline condensed matter. Our pump-probe approach is based on photoexcitation of a powder sample with a femtosecond optical pulse and probing changes of its structure by diffracting a hard X-ray pulse generated in a laser-driven plasma source. We discuss the key aspects of this scheme including an analysis of detection sensitivity and angular resolution. Applying this technique to the prototype molecular material ammonium sulfate, up to 20 powder diffraction rings are recorded simultaneously with a time resolution of 100 fs. We describe how to derive transient charge density maps of the material from the extensive set of diffraction data in a quantitative way.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(000.2170) General : Equipment and techniques
(320.2250) Ultrafast optics : Femtosecond phenomena
(340.7480) X-ray optics : X-rays, soft x-rays, extreme ultraviolet (EUV)

ToC Category:
X-ray Optics

Original Manuscript: October 5, 2009
Revised Manuscript: December 21, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: January 3, 2010
Published: January 7, 2010

F. Zamponi, Z. Ansari, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, "Femtosecond powder diffraction with a laser-driven hard X-ray source," Opt. Express 18, 947-961 (2010)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset


  1. A. Rousse, C. Rischel, and J. C. Gauthier "Femtosecond X-ray crystallography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 73, 17-31 (2001). [CrossRef]
  2. C. Rose-Petruck, R. Jiminez, T. Guo, A. Cavalleri, C. Siders, F. Raksi, J. A. Squier, B. C. Walker, K. R. Wilson, and C. P. J. Barty "Picosecond-milliangstrom lattice dynamics measured by ultrafast X-ray diffraction," Nature 398, 310-312 (1999). [CrossRef]
  3. K. Sokolowski-Tinten, C. Blome, J. Blums, A. Cavalleri, C. Dietrich, A. Tarasevitch, I. Uschmann, E. F¨orster, M. Kammler, M. Horn-von-Hoegen, and D. von der Linde, "Femtosecond X-ray measurement of coherent lattice vibrations near the Lindemann stability limit," Nature 422, 287-289 (2003). [CrossRef]
  4. M. Bargheer, N. Zhavoronkov, Y. Gritsai, J. C. Woo, D. S. Kim, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, "Coherent atomic motions in a nanostructure studied by femtosecond X-ray diffraction," Science 306, 1771-1773 (2004). [CrossRef]
  5. A. M. Lindenberg, J. Larsson, K. Sokolowski-Tinten, K. J. Gaffney, C. Blome, O. Synnergren, J. Sheppard, C. Caleman, A. G. MacPhee, D. Weinstein, and  others, "Atomic-Scale Visualization of Inertial Dynamics," Science 308, 392-395 (2005). [CrossRef]
  6. M. Braun, C. v. Korff Schmising, M . Kiel, N . Zhavoronkov, J . Dreyer, M . Bargheer, T . Elsaesser, C . Root, T. E . Schrader, P. Gilch, W . Zinth, and M . Woerner, "Ultrafast changes of molecular crystal structure induced by dipole solvation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 248301 (2007). [CrossRef]
  7. N. C. Woolsey, J. S. Wark, and D. Riley, "Sub-nanosecond X-ray powder diffraction," J. Appl. Cryst. 23, 441-443 (1990). [CrossRef]
  8. S. Techert, F. Schotte, and M. Wulff, "Picosecond X-ray diffraction probed transient structural changes in organic solids," Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2030-2033 (2001). [CrossRef]
  9. S. Techert and K. A. Zachariasse, "Structure determination of the intramolecular charge transfer state in crystalline 4-(diisopropylamino) benzonitrile from picosecond X-ray diffraction," J. Am. Chem. Soc 126, 5593-5600 (2004). [CrossRef]
  10. P. Debye and P. Scherrer, "Interferenzen an regellos orientierten Teilchen im Rontgenlicht," Phys. Z. 17, 277-283 (1916).
  11. B. E. Warren, "X-ray Diffraction," (Courier Dover Publications, 1990).
  12. C. Blome, T. Tschentscher, J. Davaasambuu, P. Durand, and S. Techert, "Femtosecond time-resolved powder diffraction experiments using hard X-ray free-electron lasers," J. Sync. Rad. 11, 483-489 (2005).
  13. F. Zamponi, Z. Ansari, C. v . Korff Schmising, P . Rothhardt, N . Zhavoronkov, M . Woerner, T . Elsaesser, M . Bargheer, T . Trobitzsch-Ryll, and M . Haschke, "Femtosecond hard X-ray plasma sources with a kilohertz repetition rate," Appl. Phys. A 96, 51-58 (2009). [CrossRef]
  14. N. Zhavoronkov, Y. Gritsai, M. Bargheer, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, F. Zamponi, I. Uschmann, and E. F¨orster, "Microfocus Cu K〈 source for femtosecond X-ray science," Opt. Lett. 30, 1737-1739 (2005). [CrossRef]
  15. P. Gibbon and E. Forster, "Short-pulse laser-plasma interactions," Plasma Phys. Control. Fusion 38, 769-793 (1996). [CrossRef]
  16. F. Brunel, "Not-so-resonant, resonant absorption," Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 52-55 (1987). [CrossRef]
  17. E. O. Schlemper and W. C. Hamilton, "Neutron-Diffraction Study of the Structures of Ferroelectric and Paraelectric Ammonium Sulfate," J. Chem. Phys. 44, 4498-4509 (1966). [CrossRef]
  18. S. Ahmed, A. M. Shamah, A. Ibrahim, and F. Hanna, "X-ray studies of the high temperature phase transition of ammonium sulphate crystals," Phys. Status Solidi(a) 115, K149-K153 (1989). [CrossRef]
  19. H. Rietveld, "A profile refinement method for nuclear and magnetic structures," J. Appl. Cryst. 2, 65-71 (1969). [CrossRef]
  20. R. Brun and F. Rademakers, "ROOT-An object oriented data analysis framework," Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 389, 81-86 (1997). [CrossRef]
  21. C. G. Ryan, E. J. Clayton, W. L. Griffin, S. H. Sie, and D. R. Cousens, "SNIP, a statistics-sensitive background treatment for the quantitative analysis of PIXE spectra in geoscience applications," Nucl. Instrum. Methods B 34, 396-402 (1988). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited