OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 21 — Oct. 11, 2010
  • pp: 22090–22098

Femtosecond mode-locked Tm3+ and Tm3+-Ho3+ doped 2 μm glass lasers

F. Fusari, A. A. Lagatsky, G. Jose, S. Calvez, A. Jha, M.D. Dawson, J.A. Gupta, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 21, pp. 22090-22098 (2010)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (953 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We report on the spectroscopic characterization, continuous-wave and continuous wave mode-locked laser performance of bulk Tm3+:GPNG fluorogermanate and Tm3+-Ho3+:TZN tellurite glass lasers around 2 μm. A slope efficiency of up to 50% and 190 mW of output power were achieved from the Tm3+:GPNG laser at 1944 nm during continuous wave operation. The Tm3+-Ho3+:TZN laser produced a 26% slope efficiency with a maximum output power of 74 mW at 2012 nm. The Tm3+:GPNG produced near-transform-limited pulses of 410 fs duration centered at 1997 nm with up to 84 mW of average output power and repetition frequency of 222 MHz when was passively modelocked using an ion-implanted InGaAsSb-based quantum well SESAM. Using the same SESAM, the Tm3+-Ho3+:TZN laser generated 630-fs pulses with 38 mW of average output power at 2012 nm. Data analysis of pulses at different intracavity pulse energies provided an estimation of n2 at 2012 nm of 2.9 × 10−15 cm2/W for the Tm3+-Ho3+:TZN

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.3070) Lasers and laser optics : Infrared and far-infrared lasers
(140.4050) Lasers and laser optics : Mode-locked lasers
(140.5680) Lasers and laser optics : Rare earth and transition metal solid-state lasers
(160.5690) Materials : Rare-earth-doped materials
(320.7090) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast lasers

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: June 2, 2010
Revised Manuscript: September 22, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: September 25, 2010
Published: October 4, 2010

F. Fusari, A. A. Lagatsky, G. Jose, S. Calvez, A. Jha, M.D. Dawson, J.A. Gupta, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, "Femtosecond mode-locked Tm3+ and Tm3+-Ho3+ doped 2 μm glass lasers," Opt. Express 18, 22090-22098 (2010)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. A. F. El-Sherif and T. A. King, “Soft and hard tissue ablation with short-pulse high peak power and continuous thulium-silica fibre lasers,” Lasers Med. Sci. 18(3), 139–147 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. D. Jackson, “Efficient Tm3+, Ho3+-co-doped silica fibre laser diode pumped at 1150 nm,” Opt. Commun. 281(14), 3837–3840 (2008). [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Tsang, B. Richards, D. Binks, J. Lousteau, and A. Jha, “Tm(3+)/Ho(3+) codoped tellurite fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 33(11), 1282–1284 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. B. M. Walsh, “Review of Tm and Ho materials; spectroscopy and lasers,” Laser Phys. 19(4), 855–866 (2009). [CrossRef]
  5. J. F. Wu, Z. Yao, J. Zong, and S. B. Jiang, “Highly efficient high-power thulium-doped germanate glass fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 32(6), 638–640 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. W. Waynant, I. K. Ilev, and I. Gannot, “Mid-infrared laser applications in medicine and biology,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A 359(1780), 635–644 (2001). [CrossRef]
  7. R. C. Sharp, D. E. Spock, N. Pan, and J. Elliot, “190-fs passively mode-locked thulium fiber laser with a low threshold,” Opt. Lett. 21(12), 881–883 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. G. Imeshev and M. E. Fermann, “230-kW peak power femtosecond pulses from a high power tunable source based on amplification in Tm-doped fiber,” Opt. Express 13(19), 7424–7431 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. F. Fusari, A. A. Lagatsky, B. Richards, A. Jha, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, “Spectroscopic and lasing performance of Tm3+-doped bulk TZN and TZNG tellurite glasses operating around 1.9 µm,” Opt. Express 16(23), 19146–19151 (2008). [CrossRef]
  10. F. Fusari, S. Vetter, A. A. Lagatsky, B. Richards, S. Calvez, A. Jha, M. D. Dawson, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, “Tunable laser operation of a Tm3+-doped tellurite glass laser near 2 μm pumped by a 1211 nm semiconductor disk laser,” Opt. Mater. In press.
  11. B. Richards, Y. Tsang, D. Binks, J. Lousteau, and A. Jha, “Efficient similar to 2 μm Tm3+-doped tellurite fiber lase,” Opt. Lett. 33(4), 402–404 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. Calvez, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, N. V. Kuleshov, M. D. Dawson, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Femtosecond pulse operation of a Tm,Ho-codoped crystalline laser near 2 microm,” Opt. Lett. 35(2), 172–174 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. X. Jiang, J. Lousteau, B. Richards, and A. Jha, “Investigation on germanium oxide-based glasses for infrared optical fibre development,” Opt. Mater. 31(11), 1701–1706 (2009). [CrossRef]
  14. J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite Glass: A new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater. 3(3), 187–203 (1994). [CrossRef]
  15. S. Todoroki, K. Hirao, and N. Soga, “Local-Structure around Rare-Earth Ions in Indium-Based and Lead-Based Fluoride Glasses with High up-Conversion Efficiency,” J. Non-Cryst. Sol. 143, 46–51 (1992). [CrossRef]
  16. J. E. Shelby and E. A. Bolden, ““Formation and Properties of Lead Fluorogermanate Glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Sol. 142, 269–277 (1992). [CrossRef]
  17. S. X. Shen, A. Jha, E. Zhang, and S. Wilson, “Tm3+-Ho3+ and Tm3+-Tb3+ energy transfer in tellurite glass,” J. Lumin. 126(2), 434–440 (2007). [CrossRef]
  18. J. B. Gruber, M. E. Hills, M. D. Seltzer, S. B. Stevens, C. A. Morrison, G. A. Turner, and M. R. Kokta, “Energy-levels and crystal quantum states of trivalent holmium in Yttrium-Aluminum-Garnet,” J. Appl. Phys. 69(12), 8183–8204 (1991). [CrossRef]
  19. S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared Cross-Section Measurements for Crystals Doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2619–2630 (1992). [CrossRef]
  20. J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staber, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, “Quantum Electronic Properties of the Na3Ga2Li3FI12 Cr3+ Laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 1077–1099 (1988). [CrossRef]
  21. A. A. Lagatsky, F. Fusari, S. V. Kurilchik, V. E. Kisel, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Pavlyuk, C. T. A. Brown, and W. Sibbett, “Optical spectroscopy and efficient continuous-wave operation near 2 μm for a Tm, Ho:KYW laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 97(2), 321–326 (2009). [CrossRef]
  22. H. A. Haus, “Mode-locking of lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6(6), 1173–1185 (2000). [CrossRef]
  23. R. Adair, L. L. Chase, and S. A. Payne, “Nonlinear refractive-index measurements of glasses using three-wave frequency mixing,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4(6), 875–881 (1987). [CrossRef]
  24. G. Turri, V. Sudesh, M. Richardson, M. Bass, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelli, “Temperature-dependent spectroscopic properties of Tm3+ in germanate, silica, and phosphate glasses: A comparative study,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(9), 093104 (2008). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited