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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 21 — Oct. 11, 2010
  • pp: 22245–22254

Temporal contrast enhancement of femtosecond pulses by a self-diffraction process in a bulk Kerr medium

Jun Liu, Kotaro Okamura, Yuichiro Kida, and Takayoshi Kobayashi  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 21, pp. 22245-22254 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.022245


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Abstract

We demonstrated for the first time the application of a self-diffraction (SD) process in a bulk Kerr medium to improve the temporal, spectral, and spatial qualities of femtosecond laser pulses. A proof-of-principle experiment succeeded in improving the temporal contrast of a femtosecond pulse by four orders of magnitude even in the picosecond region using a 0.5-mm-thick fused silica glass plate by this technique. The energy conversion efficiency from the incident pulses to the two first-order SD signals is about 12%. By the SD process, a laser pulse with smoother spectral shape, higher beam quality, and shorter pulse duration than those of the input pulse was generated. This technique is expected to be used to design background-free petawatt laser system in the future.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(190.4380) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, four-wave mixing
(190.7110) Nonlinear optics : Ultrafast nonlinear optics
(320.5520) Ultrafast optics : Pulse compression

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

History
Original Manuscript: August 2, 2010
Revised Manuscript: September 5, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: September 7, 2010
Published: October 6, 2010

Citation
Jun Liu, Kotaro Okamura, Yuichiro Kida, and Takayoshi Kobayashi, "Temporal contrast enhancement of femtosecond pulses by a self-diffraction process in a bulk Kerr medium," Opt. Express 18, 22245-22254 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-21-22245


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