OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 22 — Oct. 25, 2010
  • pp: 22686–22692

Sawtooth grating-assisted phase-matching

Pavel Sidorenko, Maxim Kozlov, Alon Bahabad, Tenio Popmintchev, Margaret Murnane, Henry Kapteyn, and Oren Cohen  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 22, pp. 22686-22692 (2010)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1039 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We show that a sawtooth phase-modulation is the optimal profile for grating assisted phase matching (GAPM). Perfect (sharp) sawtooth modulation fully corrects the phase-mismatch, exhibiting conversion equal to conventional phase matching, while smoothened, approximate sawtooth structures are more efficient than sinusoidal or square GAPM modulations that were previously studied. As an example, we demonstrate numerically optically-induced sawtooth GAPM for high harmonic generation. Sawtooth GAPM is the most efficient method for increasing the conversion efficiency of high harmonic generation through quasi-phase-matching, with an ultimate efficiency that closely matches the ideal phase-matching case.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(190.0190) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: August 24, 2010
Revised Manuscript: October 6, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: October 7, 2010
Published: October 11, 2010

Pavel Sidorenko, Maxim Kozlov, Alon Bahabad, Tenio Popmintchev, Margaret Murnane, Henry Kapteyn, and Oren Cohen, "Sawtooth grating-assisted phase-matching," Opt. Express 18, 22686-22692 (2010)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2631–2654 (1992). [CrossRef]
  2. S. Somekh and A. Yariv, “Phase-matchable nonlinear optical interactions in periodic thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21(4), 140–141 (1972). [CrossRef]
  3. J. P. van der Ziel, M. Ilegems, P. W. Foy, and R. M. Mikulyak, “Phase-Matched Second-Harmonic Generation in a Periodic GaAs Waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 29(12), 775–777 (1976). [CrossRef]
  4. J. Khurgin, S. Colak, R. Stolzenberger, and R. N. Bhargava, “Mechanism of efficient blue second harmonic generation in periodically segmented waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57(24), 2540–2542 (1990). [CrossRef]
  5. A. V. Balakin, V. A. Bushuev, B. I. Mantsyzov, I. A. Ozheredov, E. V. Petrov, A. P. Shkurinov, P. Masselin, and G. Mouret, “Enhancement of sum frequency generation near the photonic band gap edge under the quasiphase matching conditions,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 63(4 Pt 2), 046609 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. O. Cohen, X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Grating-assisted phase matching in extreme nonlinear optics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(5), 053902 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. H. Ren, A. Nazarkin, J. Nold, and P. S. Russell, “Quasi-phase-matched high harmonic generation in hollow core photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 16(21), 17052–17059 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. D. Faccio, C. Serrat, J. M. Cela, A. Farrés, P. Di Trapani, and J. Biegert, “Modulated phase matching and high-order harmonic enhancement mediated by the carrier-envelope phase,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 011803 (2010). [CrossRef]
  9. C. Serrat and J. Biegert, “All-regions tunable high harmonic enhancement by a periodic static electric field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(7), 073901 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. Bahabad, O. Cohen, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Quasi-phase-matching and dispersion characterization of harmonic generation in the perturbative regime using counterpropagating beams,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15923–15931 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. T. Popmintchev, M.-C. Chen, A. Bahabad, M. Gerrity, P. Sidorenko, O. Cohen, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Phase matching of high harmonic generation in the soft and hard X-ray regions of the spectrum,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106(26), 10516–10521 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. A. Paul, R. A. Bartels, R. Tobey, H. Green, S. Weiman, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, and S. Backus, “Quasi-phase-matched generation of coherent extreme-ultraviolet light,” Nature 421(6918), 51–54 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. X. Zhang, A. L. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, and O. Cohen, “Quasi-phase-matching and quantum-path control of high-harmonic generation using counterpropagating light,” Nat. Phys. 3(4), 270–275 (2007). [CrossRef]
  14. J. Seres, V. Yakovlev, J. Seres, C. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, “Coherent superposition of laser-driven soft-x-ray harmonics from successive sources,” Nat. Phys. 3(12), 878–883 (2007). [CrossRef]
  15. M. Zepf, B. Dromey, M. Landreman, P. Foster, and S. M. Hooker, “Bright quasi-phase-matched soft-X-ray harmonic radiation from argon ions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(14), 143901 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. O. Cohen, A. L. Lytle, X. Zhang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Optimizing quasi-phase matching of high harmonic generation using counterpropagating pulse trains,” Opt. Lett. 32(20), 2975–2977 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. M. Lewenstein, P. Salières, and A. L’Huillier, “Phase of the atomic polarization in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 52(6), 4747–4754 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. Z. Chang, A. Rundquist, H. Wang, I. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Temporal phase control of soft-x-ray harmonic emission,” Phys. Rev. A 58(1), R30–R33 (1998). [CrossRef]
  19. P. Appel, “Sur l'inversion approchée de certaines intégrales réelles et sur l'extension de Kepler et des fonctions de Bessel,” Acad. Sci., Paris, C. R. 160, 419 (1915).
  20. J. Chen, A. Suda, E. J. Takahashi, M. Nurhuda, and K. Midorikawa, “Compression of intense ultrashort laser pulses in a gas-filled planar waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 33(24), 2992–2994 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. M. Geissler, G. Tempea, and T. Brabec, “Phase-matched high-order harmonic generation in the nonadiabatic limit,” Phys. Rev. A 62(3), 033817 (2000). [CrossRef]
  22. M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191 (1986).
  23. M. Y. Ivanov, T. Brabec, and N. Burnett, “Coulomb corrections and polarization effects in high-intensity high-harmonic emission,” Phys. Rev. A 54(1), 742–745 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. A. Bahabad, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Quasi Phase Matching of Momentum and Energy in Nonlinear Optical Processes,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 571 (2010). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited