OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 22 — Oct. 25, 2010
  • pp: 23226–23235

Ultrafast active control of localized surface plasmon resonances in silicon bowtie antennas

Audrey Berrier, Ronald Ulbricht, Mischa Bonn, and Jaime Gómez Rivas  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 22, pp. 23226-23235 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.023226


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1180 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Localized surface plasmon polaritons (LSPPs) provide an efficient means of achieving extreme light concentration. In recent years, their active control has become a major aspiration of plasmonic research. Here, we demonstrate direct control of semiconductor bowtie antennas, enabling active excitation of LSPPs, at terahertz (THz) frequencies. We modify the LSPPs by ultrafast optical modulation of the free carrier density in the plasmonic structure itself, allowing for active control of the semiconductor antennas on picosecond timescales. Moreover, this control enables the manipulation of the field intensity enhancements in ranges of four orders of magnitude.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons
(320.7130) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast processes in condensed matter, including semiconductors
(130.4815) Integrated optics : Optical switching devices
(250.5403) Optoelectronics : Plasmonics
(300.6495) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, teraherz
(250.6715) Optoelectronics : Switching

ToC Category:
Optics at Surfaces

History
Original Manuscript: September 17, 2010
Revised Manuscript: October 11, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: October 11, 2010
Published: October 19, 2010

Citation
Audrey Berrier, Ronald Ulbricht, Mischa Bonn, and Jaime Gómez Rivas, "Ultrafast active control of localized surface plasmon resonances in silicon bowtie antennas," Opt. Express 18, 23226-23235 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-22-23226


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. D. K. Gramotnev and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonics beyond the diffraction limit,” Nat. Photonics 4(2), 83–91 (2010). [CrossRef]
  2. P. Mühlschlegel, H.-J. Eisler, O. J. F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D. W. Pohl, “Resonant optical antennas,” Science 308(5728), 1607–1609 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. A. Schuller, E. S. Barnard, W. Cai, Y. C. Jun, J. S. White, and M. L. Brongersma, “Plasmonics for extreme light concentration and manipulation,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 193–204 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. Palomba, M. Danckwerts, and L. Novotny, “Nonlinear plasmonics with gold nanoparticle antennas,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 11(11), 114030 (2009). [CrossRef]
  5. K. F. MacDonald, Z. L. Samson, M. I. Stockman, and N. I. Zheludev, “Ultrafast active plasmonics,” Nat. Photonics 3(1), 55–58 (2009). [CrossRef]
  6. H.-T. Chen, J. F. O’Hara, A. K. Azad, A. J. Taylor, R. D. Averitt, D. B. Shrekenhamer, and W. J. Padilla, “Experimental demonstration of frequency-agile terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 295–298 (2008). [CrossRef]
  7. H.-T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. O. Zide, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, and R. D. Averitt, “Active terahertz metamaterial devices,” Nature 444(7119), 597–600 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. H.-T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, M. J. Cich, A. K. Azad, R. D. Averitt, and A. J. Taylor, “A metamaterial solid-state terahertz phase modulator,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 148–151 (2009). [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Leroux, J.-C. Lacroix, C. Fave, V. Stockhausen, N. Félidj, J. Grand, A. Hohenau, and J. R. Krenn, “Active plasmonic devices with anisotropic optical response: a step toward active polarizer,” Nano Lett. 9(5), 2144–2148 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. G. P. Wiederrecht, G. A. Wurtz, and A. Bouhelier, “Ultrafast hybrid plasmonics,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 461(4-6), 171–179 (2008). [CrossRef]
  11. N. Rotemberg, M. Betz, and H. M. Van Driel, “Ultrafast control of grating-assisted light coupling to surface plasmons,” Opt. Lett. 33, 21372139 (2008).
  12. Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, X. Lu, J. Gu, J. Han, Q. Xing, A. J. Taylor, J. F. O’Hara, and W. Zhang, “Large dynamic resonance transition between surface plasmon and localized surface plasmon modes,” Opt. Express 18(12), 12482–12488 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. A. Seo, H. R. Park, S. M. Koo, D. J. Park, J. H. Kang, O. K. Suwal, S. S. Choi, P. C. M. Planken, G. S. Park, N. K. Park, Q. H. Park, and D. S. Kim, “Terahertz field enhancement by a metallic nano slit operating beyond the skin-depth limit,” Nat. Photonics 3(3), 152–156 (2009). [CrossRef]
  14. B. M. Fischer, H. Helm, and P. U. Jepsen, “Chemical recognition with broadband THz spectroscopy,” Proc. IEEE 95(8), 1592–1604 (2007). [CrossRef]
  15. S. W. Koch, M. Kira, G. Khitrova, and H. M. Gibbs, “Semiconductor excitons in new light,” Nat. Mater. 5(7), 523–531 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J.-H. Son, “Terahertz electromagnetic interactions with biological matter and their applications,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(10), 102033 (2009). [CrossRef]
  17. C. Balaris, Antenna Theory, 3rd Edition, (Wiley and Sons, 2005).
  18. H. Fischer and O. J. F. Martin, “Engineering the optical response of plasmonic nanoantennas,” Opt. Express 16(12), 9144–9154 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. V. Giannini, A. Berrier, S. A. Maier, J. A. Sánchez-Gil, and J. G. Rivas, “Scattering efficiency and near field enhancement of active semiconductor plasmonic antennas at terahertz frequencies,” Opt. Express 18(3), 2797–2807 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. J. Gómez Rivas, J. A. Sánchez-Gil, M. Kuttge, P. Haring Bolivar, and H. Kurz, “Optically switchable mirrors for surface plasmon polaritons propagating on semiconductor surfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 74(24), 245324 (2006). [CrossRef]
  21. E. Hendry, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, J. G. Rivas, M. Bonn, A. P. Hibbins, and M. J. Lockyear, “Optical control over surface-plasmon-polariton-assisted THz transmission through a slit aperture,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(12), 123901 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. T. H. Isaac, W. L. Barnes, and E. Hendry, “Determining the terahertz optical properties of subwavelength films using semiconductor surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(24), 241115 (2008). [CrossRef]
  23. S. Adachi, Handbook on physical properties of semiconductors, Vol. 1 (Kluwer, 2004).
  24. M. C. Beard, G. M. Turner, and C. A. Schmuttenmaer, “Terahertz spectroscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(29), 7146–7159 (2002). [CrossRef]
  25. D M. van Exter and D. Grischkowsky, “Carrier dynamics of electrons and holes in moderately doped silicon,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 41(17), 12140–12149 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited