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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 22 — Oct. 25, 2010
  • pp: 23420–23427

Reconstruction of an astigmatic hard X-ray beam and alignment of K-B mirrors from ptychographic coherent diffraction data

Cameron M. Kewish, Manuel Guizar-Sicairos, Chian Liu, Jun Qian, Bing Shi, Christa Benson, Ali M. Khounsary, Joan Vila-Comamala, Oliver Bunk, James R. Fienup, Albert T. Macrander, and Lahsen Assoufid  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 22, pp. 23420-23427 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.023420


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Abstract

We have used coherent X-ray diffraction experiments to characterize both the 1-D and 2-D foci produced by nanofocusing Kirkpatrick-Baez (K-B) mirrors, and we find agreement. Algorithms related to ptychography were used to obtain a 3-D reconstruction of a focused hard X-ray beam waist, using data measured when the mirrors were not optimally aligned. Considerable astigmatism was evident in the reconstructed complex wavefield. Comparing the reconstructed wavefield for a single mirror with a geometrical projection of the wavefront errors expected from optical metrology data allowed us to diagnose a 40 μrad misalignment in the incident angle of the first mirror, which had occurred during the experiment. Good agreement between the reconstructed wavefront obtained from the X-ray data and off-line metrology data obtained with visible light demonstrates the usefulness of the technique as a metrology and alignment tool for nanofocusing X-ray optics.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(100.5070) Image processing : Phase retrieval
(340.0340) X-ray optics : X-ray optics
(340.7470) X-ray optics : X-ray mirrors
(140.3295) Lasers and laser optics : Laser beam characterization
(110.3200) Imaging systems : Inverse scattering

ToC Category:
X-ray Optics

History
Original Manuscript: August 4, 2010
Revised Manuscript: September 13, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: September 26, 2010
Published: October 22, 2010

Citation
Cameron M. Kewish, Manuel Guizar-Sicairos, Chian Liu, Jun Qian, Bing Shi, Christa Benson, Ali M. Khounsary, Joan Vila-Comamala, Oliver Bunk, James R. Fienup, Albert T. Macrander, and Lahsen Assoufid, "Reconstruction of an astigmatic hard X-ray beam and alignment of K-B mirrors from ptychographic coherent diffraction data," Opt. Express 18, 23420-23427 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-22-23420


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