OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 23 — Nov. 8, 2010
  • pp: 23608–23619

Simultaneous and independent multi-parameter monitoring with fault localization for DSP-based coherent communication systems

Thomas Shun Rong Shen, Alan Pak Tao Lau, and Changyuan Yu  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 23, pp. 23608-23619 (2010)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1096 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Digital signal processing (DSP)-based coherent communications have become standard for future high-speed optical networks. Implementing DSP-based advanced algorithms for data detection requires much more detailed knowledge of the transmission link parameters, resulting in optical performance monitoring (OPM) being even more important for next generation systems. At the same time, the DSP platform also enables new strategies for OPM. In this paper, we propose the use of pilot symbols with alternating power levels and study the statistics of the received power and phase difference to simultaneously and independently monitor the carrier frequency offset between transmitter and receiver laser, laser linewidth, number of spans, fiber nonlinearity parameters as well as optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) of a transmission link. Analytical predictions are verified by simulation results for systems with full chromatic dispersion (CD) compensation per span and 10% CD under-compensation per span. In addition, we show that by monitoring the changes in the statistics of the received pilot symbols during network operation, one can locate faults or OSNR degradations along a transmission link without additional monitoring equipments at intermediate nodes, which may be useful for more efficient dynamic routing and network management.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.0060) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics and optical communications
(060.1660) Fiber optics and optical communications : Coherent communications
(060.4370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Nonlinear optics, fibers

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

Original Manuscript: September 27, 2010
Revised Manuscript: October 21, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: October 21, 2010
Published: October 26, 2010

Thomas Shun Rong Shen, Alan Pak Tao Lau, and Changyuan Yu, "Simultaneous and independent multi-parameter monitoring with fault localization for DSP-based coherent communication systems," Opt. Express 18, 23608-23619 (2010)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. Z. Q. Pan, C. Y. Yu, and A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring for the next generation optical communication networks,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16(1), 20–45 (2010). [CrossRef]
  2. S. Zhang, et al., “Novel ultra wide-range frequency offset estimation for digital coherent optical receiver,” in Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, (OFC/NFOEC), 2010, Paper OWV3.
  3. Y. Cao, S. Yu, J. Shen, W. Gu, and Y. Ji, “Frequency Estimation for Optical Coherent MPSK System Without Removing Modulated Data Phase,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(10), 691–693 (2010). [CrossRef]
  4. T. Duthel, G. Clarici, C. R. S. Fludger, J. C. Geyer, C. Schulien, and S. Wiese, “Laser Linewidth Estimation by Means of Coherent Detection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(20), 1568–1570 (2009). [CrossRef]
  5. A. P. T. Lau and J. M. Kahn, “Signal design and detection in presence of nonlinear phase noise,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(10), 3008–3016 (2007). [CrossRef]
  6. K. P. Ho and J. M. Kahn, “Electronic compensation technique to mitigate nonlinear phase noise,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(3), 779–783 (2004). [CrossRef]
  7. A. P. T. Lau, S. Rabbani, and J. M. Kahn, “On the Statistics of Intrachannel Four-Wave Mixing in Phase-Modulated Optical Communication Systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(14), 2128–2135 (2008). [CrossRef]
  8. E. Ip and J. M. Kahn, “Compensation of Dispersion and Nonlinear Impairments Using Digital Backpropagation,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(20), 3416–3425 (2008). [CrossRef]
  9. E. F. Mateo and G. F. Li, “Compensation of interchannel nonlinearities using enhanced coupled equations for digital backward propagation,” Appl. Opt. 48(25), F6–F10 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. K. S. Kim, R. H. Stolen, W. A. Reed, and K. W. Quoi, “Measurement of the nonlinear index of silica-core and dispersion-shifted fibers,” Opt. Lett. 19(4), 257–259 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. T. Kato, Y. Suetsugu, M. Takagi, E. Sasaoka, and M. Nishimura, “Measurement of the nonlinear refractive index in optical fiber by the cross-phase-modulation method with depolarized pump light,” Opt. Lett. 20(9), 988–990 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. L. Prigent and J. P. Hamaide, “Measurement of Fiber Nonlinear Kerr Coefficient by four-Wave-Mixing,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5(9), 1092–1095 (1993). [CrossRef]
  13. C. Xu and X. Liu, “Postnonlinearity compensation with data-driven phase modulators in phase-shift keying transmission,” Opt. Lett. 27(18), 1619–1621 (2002). [CrossRef]
  14. M. N. Petersen and M. L. Nielsen, “Experimental and theoretical demonstration of launch power optimisation using subcarrier fibre nonlinearity monitor,” Electron. Lett. 41(5), 268–269 (2005). [CrossRef]
  15. M. Mayrock and H. Haunstein, “Monitoring of Linear and Nonlinear Signal Distortion in Coherent Optical OFDM Transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(16), 3560–3566 (2009). [CrossRef]
  16. T. Takahito, et al., “Semi-Blind Nonlinear Equalization in Coherent Multi-Span Transmission System with Inhomogeneous Span Parameters,” in Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, (OFC/NFOEC), 2010, Paper OMR6.
  17. A. P. T. Lau and J. M. Kahn, “Design of inline amplifier gains and spacings to minimize the phase noise in optical transmission systems,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(3), 1334–1341 (2006). [CrossRef]
  18. T. Tanimura, et al., “Digital clock recovery algorithm for optical coherent receivers operating independent of laser frequency offset,” in 34th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC), (2008), Paper Mo.3.D.2.
  19. Y. G. Wen, V. W. S. Chan, and L. Z. Zheng, “Efficient fault-diagnosis algorithms for all-optical WDM networks with probabilistic link failures,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(10), 3358–3371 (2005). [CrossRef]
  20. J. H. Park, J. S. Baik, and C. H. Lee, “Fault-localization in WDM-PONs,” in Optical Fiber Communication/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC), 2006, Paper JThB79.
  21. S. S. Ahuja, S. Ramasubramanian, and M. Krunz, “Single-Link Failure Detection in All-Optical Networks using Monitoring Cycles and Paths,” IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking, 17, 1080–1093 (2009).
  22. A. V. Sichani and H. T. Mouftah, “Limited-perimeter vector matching fault-localization protocol for transparent all-optical communication networks,” IET Communications 1(3), 472–478 (2007). [CrossRef]
  23. M. Khair, B. Kantarci, J. Zheng, and H. T. Mouftah, “Optimization for Fault Localization in All-Optical Networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(21), 4832–4840 (2009). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited