OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 25 — Dec. 6, 2010
  • pp: 25657–25664

Design of a highly-birefringent microstructured photonic crystal fiber for pressure monitoring

Charles M. Jewart, Sully Mejía Quintero, Arthur M. B. Braga, and Kevin P. Chen  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 25, pp. 25657-25664 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.025657


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1715 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We present the design of an air hole microstructured photonic crystal fiber for pressure sensing applications. The air-hole photonic crystal lattices were designed to produce a large intrinsic birefringence of 1.16x10-3. The impact of the surrounding air holes for pressure sensing to the propagation mode profiles and indices were studied and improved, which ensures single mode propagation in the fiber core defined by the photonic crystal lattice. An air hole matrix and a practical chemical etching process during the fiber perform preparation stage is proposed to produce an optical fiber with a birefringence-pressure coefficient of 43.89x10-6MPa-1 or a fiber Bragg grating pressure responsivity of 44.15 pm/MPa, which is a 17 times improvement over previous photonic crystal fiber designs.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(000.4430) General : Numerical approximation and analysis
(060.2280) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber design and fabrication
(060.2370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sensors
(060.4005) Fiber optics and optical communications : Microstructured fibers
(060.5295) Fiber optics and optical communications : Photonic crystal fibers

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: September 14, 2010
Revised Manuscript: November 4, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: November 5, 2010
Published: November 23, 2010

Citation
Charles M. Jewart, Sully Mejía Quintero, Arthur M. B. Braga, and Kevin P. Chen, "Design of a highly-birefringent microstructured photonic crystal fiber for pressure monitoring," Opt. Express 18, 25657-25664 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-25-25657


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. T. Nasilowski, T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz, M. Szpulak, J. Olszewski, G. Golojuch, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, M. Makara, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Temperature and pressure sensitivities of the highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber with core asymmetry,” Appl. Phys. B 81(2-3), 325–331 (2005). [CrossRef]
  2. M. Szpulak, T. Martynkien, and W. Urbanczyk, “Effects of hydrostatic pressure on phase and group modal birefringence in microstructured holey fibers,” Appl. Opt. 43(24), 4739–4744 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. Szpulak, G. Statkiewicz, J. Olszewski, T. Martynkien, W. Urbańczyk, J. Wójcik, M. Makara, J. Klimek, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of birefringent holey fibers with a triple defect,” Appl. Opt. 44(13), 2652–2658 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. Antkowiak, R. Kotynski, T. Nasilowski, P. Lesiak, J. Wojcik, W. Urbanczyk, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Phase and group modal birefringence of triple-defect photonic crystal fibres,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7(12), 763–766 (2005). [CrossRef]
  5. S. Barkou Libori, J. Broeng, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, and H. R. Simonsen, "High-birefringent photonic crystal fiber," OFC2001. Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit. Technical Digest Postconference Edition. (IEEE, 2001) pp. TuM2-1-3
  6. NKT Photonics - Photonic Crystal Fibers, SuperK Continuum Laser, Koheras Fiber Lasers, http://www.blazephotonics.com
  7. H. K. Gahir and D. Khanna, “Design and development of a temperature-compensated fiber optic polarimetric pressure sensor based on photonic crystal fiber at 1550 nm,” Appl. Opt. 46(8), 1184–1189 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. H. Y. Tam, S. K. Khijwania, and X. Y. Dong, "Temperature-Insensitive Pressure Sensor using a Polarization-Maintaining Photonic Crystal Fiber based Sagnac Interferometer," 2007 Asia Optical Fiber Communication and Optoelectronics Conference, (IEEE, 2007) pp. 345-347.
  9. F. C. Fávero, S. M. M. Quintero, V. V. Silva, C. Martelli, A. M. B. Braga, I. C. S. Carvalho, and R. W. A. Llerena, “Photonic crystal fiber pressure sensor,” Proc. SPIE 7503, 750364 (2009). [CrossRef]
  10. M. Szpulak, T. Martynkien, and W. Urbanczyk, “Highly birefringent photonic crystal fibre with enhanced sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure,” 2006 International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, (ICTON, 2006) pp. 174-177.
  11. T. Martynkien, G. Statkiewicz-Barabach, J. Olszewski, J. Wojcik, P. Mergo, T. Geernaert, C. Sonnenfeld, A. Anuszkiewicz, M. K. Szczurowski, K. Tarnowski, M. Makara, K. Skorupski, J. Klimek, K. Poturaj, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Highly birefringent microstructured fibers with enhanced sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure,” Opt. Express 18(14), 15113–15121 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S. Kim, C. S. Kee, and C. G. Lee, “Modified rectangular lattice photonic crystal fibers with high birefringence and negative dispersion,” Opt. Express 17(10), 7952–7957 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. C. Martelli, J. Canning, N. Groothoff, and K. Lyytikainen, “Strain and temperature characterization of photonic crystal fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Lett. 30(14), 1785–1787 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. R. Ghosh, A. Kumar, J. P. Meunier, and E. Marin, “Modal characteristics of few-mode silica-based photonic crystal fibres,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 32(6/8), 963–970 (2000). [CrossRef]
  15. C. Jewart and D. Xu, “J. Canning and K. P. Chen, “Structure optimization of air-hole fibers for high-sensitivity fiber Bragg grating pressure sensors,” Proc. SPIE 7004, 70041Z (2008). [CrossRef]
  16. S. Kreger, S. Calvert, and E. Udd, "High Pressure Sensing using Fiber Bragg Gratings Written into Birefringent Side Hole Fiber," 2002 15th Optical Fiber Sensors Conference Technical Digest. (IEEE, 2002), pp. 355-358.
  17. J. R. Clowes, S. Syngellakis, and M. N. Zervas, “Pressure Sensitivity of Side-Hole Optical Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10(6), 857–859 (1998). [CrossRef]
  18. I. H. Malitson, “Interspecimen Comparison of the Refractive Index of Fused Silica,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 55(10), 1205–1209 (1965). [CrossRef]
  19. W. Urbanczyk, T. Martynkien, and W. J. Bock, “Dispersion effects in elliptical-core highly birefringent fibers,” Appl. Opt. 40(12), 1911–1920 (2001). [CrossRef]
  20. J. Noda, K. Okamoto, and Y. Sasaki, “Polarization maintaining fibers and their applications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4(8), 1071–1089 (1986). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited