OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 25 — Dec. 6, 2010
  • pp: 25825–25832

Phase-cycling coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering using shaped femtosecond laser pulses

Baolei Li, Warren S. Warren, and Martin C. Fischer  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 25, pp. 25825-25832 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.025825


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1161 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We demonstrate a homodyne coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) technique based on femtosecond laser pulse shaping. This technique utilizes fast phase cycling to extract nonlinear Raman signatures with a self-generated reference signal acting as a local oscillator. The local oscillator is generated at the focus and is intrinsically stable relative to the Raman signal even in highly scattering samples. We can therefore retrieve phase information from the Raman signal and can suppress the ubiquitous non-resonant background.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(190.7110) Nonlinear optics : Ultrafast nonlinear optics
(300.6230) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering
(300.6310) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, heterodyne
(320.5540) Ultrafast optics : Pulse shaping

ToC Category:
Spectroscopy

History
Original Manuscript: September 22, 2010
Revised Manuscript: November 14, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: November 22, 2010
Published: November 24, 2010

Citation
Baolei Li, Warren S. Warren, and Martin C. Fischer, "Phase-cycling coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering using shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Express 18, 25825-25832 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-25-25825


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. E. B. Hanlon, R. Manoharan, T. W. Koo, K. E. Shafer, J. T. Motz, M. Fitzmaurice, J. R. Kramer, I. Itzkan, R. R. Dasari, and M. S. Feld, “Prospects for in vivo Raman spectroscopy,” Phys. Med. Biol. 45(2), R1–R59 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. Cui, B. R. Bachler, and J. P. Ogilvie, “Comparing coherent and spontaneous Raman scattering under biological imaging conditions,” Opt. Lett. 34(6), 773–775 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. X. Cheng and X. S. Xie, “Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy: Instrumentation, theory, and applications,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(3), 827–840 (2004). [CrossRef]
  4. C. L. Evans, E. O. Potma, and X. S. Xie, “Coherent anti-stokes raman scattering spectral interferometry: determination of the real and imaginary components of nonlinear susceptibility χ(3) for vibrational microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 29(24), 2923–2925 (2004). [CrossRef]
  5. M. Jurna, J. P. Korterik, C. Otto, J. L. Herek, and H. L. Offerhaus, “Vibrational phase contrast microscopy by use of coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(4), 043905 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. D. Oron, N. Dudovich, and Y. Silberberg, “Single-pulse phase-contrast nonlinear Raman spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(27), 273001 (2002). [CrossRef]
  7. X. G. Xu, S. O. Konorov, J. W. Hepburn, and V. Milner, “Background-free coherent Raman spectroscopy by detecting the spectral phase of molecular vibrations,” Opt. Lett. 33(11), 1177–1179 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. B. von Vacano, T. Buckup, and M. Motzkus, “Highly sensitive single-beam heterodyne coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering,” Opt. Lett. 31(16), 2495–2497 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. D. L. Marks and S. A. Boppart, “Nonlinear interferometric vibrational imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(12), 123905 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. H. Lim, A. G. Caster, and S. R. Leone, “Fourier transform spectral interferometric coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (FTSI-CARS) spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett. 32(10), 1332–1334 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Y. J. Lee and M. T. Cicerone, “Single-shot interferometric approach to background free broadband coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 17(1), 123–135 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S. Postma, A. C. W. van Rhijn, J. P. Korterik, P. Gross, J. L. Herek, and H. L. Offerhaus, “Application of spectral phase shaping to high resolution CARS spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 16(11), 7985–7996 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. C. W. Hillegas, J. X. Tull, D. Goswami, D. Strickland, and W. S. Warren, “Femtosecond laser pulse shaping by use of microsecond radio-frequency pulses,” Opt. Lett. 19(10), 737–739 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. C. Fischer, H. C. Liu, I. R. Piletic, and W. S. Warren, “Simultaneous self-phase modulation and two-photon absorption measurement by a spectral homodyne Z-scan method,” Opt. Express 16(6), 4192–4205 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. I. R. Piletic, M. C. Fischer, P. Samineni, G. Yurtsever, and W. S. Warren, “Rapid pulse shaping with homodyne detection for measuring nonlinear optical signals,” Opt. Lett. 33(13), 1482–1484 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. D. Oron, N. Dudovich, D. Yelin, and Y. Silberberg, “Narrow-band coherent anti-stokes Raman signals from broad-band pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(6), 063004 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. B. C. Chen and S. H. Lim, “Optimal laser pulse shaping for interferometric multiplex coherent anti-stokes Raman scattering microscopy,” J. Phys. Chem. B 112(12), 3653–3661 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited