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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 25 — Dec. 6, 2010
  • pp: 26345–26350

Refractive index sensing based on higher-order mode reflection of a microfiber Bragg grating

Yu Zhang, Bo Lin, Swee Chuan Tjin, Han Zhang, Guanghui Wang, Ping Shum, and Xinliang Zhang  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 25, pp. 26345-26350 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.026345


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Abstract

A fiber Bragg grating written in a photosensitive microfiber using KrF excimer laser via a uniform phase mask is demonstrated. We have successfully fabricated two Bragg gratings in microfibers having different diameters. In the reflection spectrum of a microfiber Bragg grating (MFBG), we observed two reflection peaks,which agrees with our numerical simulation results. Compared with the fundamental mode reflection, the higher-order reflection mode is more sensitive to the refractive index (RI) variation of the surrounding fluid due to its larger evanescent field. The measured maximum sensitivity is ~102 nm/RIU (RI unit) at an RI value of 1.378 in an MFBG with a diameter of 6 μm.

© 2010 OSA

ToC Category:
Sensors

History
Original Manuscript: October 5, 2010
Revised Manuscript: November 4, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: November 9, 2010
Published: December 1, 2010

Citation
Yu Zhang, Bo Lin, Swee Chuan Tjin, Han Zhang, Guanghui Wang, Ping Shum, and Xinliang Zhang, "Refractive index sensing based on higher-order mode reflection of a microfiber Bragg grating," Opt. Express 18, 26345-26350 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-25-26345


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