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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 25 — Dec. 6, 2010
  • pp: 26450–26460

Three dimensional object recognition with photon counting imagery in the presence of noise

Mehdi DaneshPanah, Bahram Javidi, and Edward A. Watson  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 25, pp. 26450-26460 (2010)

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Three dimensional (3D) imaging systems have been recently suggested for passive sensing and recognition of objects in photon-starved environments where only a few photons are emitted or reflected from the object. In this paradigm, it is important to make optimal use of limited information carried by photons. We present a statistical framework for 3D passive object recognition in presence of noise. Since in quantum-limited regime, detector dark noise is present, our approach takes into account the effect of noise on information bearing photons. The model is tested when background noise and dark noise sources are present for identifying a target in a 3D scene. It is shown that reliable object recognition is possible in photon-counting domain. The results suggest that with proper translation of physical characteristics of the imaging system into the information processing algorithms, photon-counting imagery can be used for object classification.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(030.5260) Coherence and statistical optics : Photon counting
(100.6890) Image processing : Three-dimensional image processing
(110.6880) Imaging systems : Three-dimensional image acquisition

ToC Category:
Image Processing

Original Manuscript: August 16, 2010
Revised Manuscript: November 5, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: November 17, 2010
Published: December 2, 2010

Mehdi DaneshPanah, Bahram Javidi, and Edward A. Watson, "Three dimensional object recognition with photon counting imagery in the presence of noise," Opt. Express 18, 26450-26460 (2010)

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