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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 25 — Dec. 6, 2010
  • pp: 26461–26468

Square lattice photonic crystal surface mode lasers

Tsan-Wen Lu, Shao-Ping Lu, Li-Hsun Chiu, and Po-Tsung Lee  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 25, pp. 26461-26468 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.026461


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Abstract

In this report, we propose a square lattice photonic crystal hetero-slab-edge microcavity design. In numerical simulations, three surface modes in this microcavity are investigated and optimized by tuning the slab-edge termination τ and gradual mirror layer. High simulated quality (Q) factor of 2.3 × 105 and small mode volume of 0.105 μm3 are obtained from microcavity with τ = 0.80. In experiments, we obtain and identify different surface modes lasing. The surface mode in the second photonic band gap shows a very-low threshold of 140 μW and high Q factor of 5,500, which could be an avenue to low-threshold optical lasers and highly sensitive sensor applications with efficient light-matter interactions.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.5960) Lasers and laser optics : Semiconductor lasers
(140.3945) Lasers and laser optics : Microcavities
(230.5298) Optical devices : Photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: September 15, 2010
Revised Manuscript: October 27, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: November 22, 2010
Published: December 2, 2010

Citation
Tsan-Wen Lu, Shao-Ping Lu, Li-Hsun Chiu, and Po-Tsung Lee, "Square lattice photonic crystal surface mode lasers," Opt. Express 18, 26461-26468 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-25-26461


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