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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 25 — Dec. 6, 2010
  • pp: 26695–26703

Photosensitive and thermal nonlinear effects in chalcogenide photonic crystal cavities

Michael W. Lee, Christian Grillet, Christelle Monat, Eric Mägi, Snjezana Tomljenovic-Hanic, Xin Gai, Steve Madden, Duk-Yong Choi, Douglas Bulla, Barry Luther-Davies, and Benjamin J. Eggleton  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 25, pp. 26695-26703 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.026695


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Abstract

We investigate the photosensitive and thermo-optic nonlinear properties of chalcogenide glass photonic crystal (PhC) cavities at telecommunications wavelengths. We observe a photosensitive refractive index change in AMTIR-1 (Ge33As12Se55) material in the near-infrared, which is enhanced by light localization in the PhC cavity and manifests in a permanent blue-shift of the nanocavity resonance. Thermo-optic non-linear properties are thoroughly investigated by i) carrying out thermal bistable switching experiments, from which we determined thermal switching times of 63μs and 93μs for switch on and switch off respectively and ii) by studying heating of the cavity with a high peak power pulsed laser input, which shows that two-photon absorption is the dominant heating mechanism. Our measurements and analysis highlight the detrimental impact of near-infrared photosensitivity and two-photon absorption on cavity based nonlinear optical switching schemes. We conclude that glass compositions with lower two-photon absorption and more stable properties (reduced photosensitivity) are therefore required for nonlinear applications in chalcogenide photonic crystal cavities.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(160.2750) Materials : Glass and other amorphous materials
(190.1450) Nonlinear optics : Bistability
(190.4870) Nonlinear optics : Photothermal effects
(230.5750) Optical devices : Resonators
(230.5298) Optical devices : Photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Chalcogenide Glass

History
Original Manuscript: September 17, 2010
Revised Manuscript: October 15, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: October 15, 2010
Published: December 6, 2010

Virtual Issues
Chalcogenide Glass (2010) Optics Express

Citation
Michael W. Lee, Christian Grillet, Christelle Monat, Eric Mägi, Snjezana Tomljenovic-Hanic, Xin Gai, Steve Madden, Duk-Yong Choi, Douglas Bulla, Barry Luther-Davies, and Benjamin J. Eggleton, "Photosensitive and thermal nonlinear effects in chalcogenide photonic crystal cavities," Opt. Express 18, 26695-26703 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-25-26695


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