OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 4 — Feb. 15, 2010
  • pp: 3392–3403

Swept-source polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography based on polarization-maintaining fiber

Muhammad K. Al-Qaisi and Taner Akkin  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 4, pp. 3392-3403 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.003392


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1257 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We present a swept-source polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography system based on a polarization-maintaining fiber interferometer. The system produces reflectivity and birefringence information along a depth profile with a single sweep of the optical spectrum. Unlike single-mode fiber systems, retardance and relative optical axis orientation images are calculated without compensation. The source is a 45 mW polygon-based swept-source centered at 1290 nm and tuned at a rate of 28 kHz. The interferometer consists of a single polarization-maintaining coupler that utilizes balanced detection for improved performance. Characterization data shows that this system yields accurate measurements with high sensitivity (106.2 dB) comparable to conventional setups. Images of biological tissues with high dynamic range are demonstrated.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(110.4500) Imaging systems : Optical coherence tomography
(120.3890) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Medical optics instrumentation
(120.5410) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Polarimetry
(170.0110) Medical optics and biotechnology : Imaging systems

ToC Category:
Imaging Systems

History
Original Manuscript: December 9, 2009
Revised Manuscript: January 25, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: January 31, 2010
Published: February 2, 2010

Virtual Issues
Vol. 5, Iss. 5 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Muhammad K. Al-Qaisi and Taner Akkin, "Swept-source polarization-sensitive
optical coherence tomography based on
polarization-maintaining fiber," Opt. Express 18, 3392-3403 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-4-3392


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. Puliafito, and et, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254(5035), 1178–1181 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. J. F. de Boer, T. E. Milner, M. J. van Gemert, and J. S. Nelson, “Two-dimensional birefringence imaging in biological tissue by polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett. 22(12), 934–936 (1997), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-22-12-934 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. J. Everett, K. Schoenenberger, B. W. Colston, and L. B. Da Silva, “Birefringence characterization of biological tissue by use of optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett. 23(3), 228–230 (1998), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-23-3-228 . [CrossRef]
  4. G. Yao and L. V. Wang, “Two-dimensional depth-resolved Mueller matrix characterization of biological tissue by optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett. 24(8), 537–539 (1999), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-24-8-537 . [CrossRef]
  5. C. Hitzenberger, E. Goetzinger, M. Sticker, M. Pircher, and A. Fercher, “Measurement and imaging of birefringence and optic axis orientation by phase resolved polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 9(13), 780–790 (2001), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-9-13-780 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. C. E. Saxer, J. F. de Boer, B. H. Park, Y. Zhao, Z. Chen, and J. S. Nelson, “High-speed fiber based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography of in vivo human skin,” Opt. Lett. 25(18), 1355–1357 (2000), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-25-18-1355 . [CrossRef]
  7. J. E. Roth, J. A. Kozak, S. Yazdanfar, A. M. Rollins, and J. A. Izatt, “Simplified method for polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett. 26(14), 1069–1071 (2001), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-26-14-1069 . [CrossRef]
  8. D. P. Davé, T. Akkin, and T. E. Milner, “Polarization-maintaining fiber-based optical low-coherence reflectometer for characterization and ranging of birefringence,” Opt. Lett. 28(19), 1775–1777 (2003), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-28-19-1775 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. C. G. Rylander, D. P. Davé, T. Akkin, T. E. Milner, K. R. Diller, and A. J. Welch, “Quantitative phase-contrast imaging of cells with phase-sensitive optical coherence microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 29(13), 1509–1511 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-29-13-1509 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. T. Akkin, D. Davé, T. Milner, and H. Rylander Iii, “Detection of neural activity using phase-sensitive optical low-coherence reflectometry,” Opt. Express 12(11), 2377–2386 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-11-2377 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. M. K. Al-Qaisi, H. Wang, and T. Akkin, “Measurement of Faraday rotation using phase-sensitive low-coherence interferometry,” Appl. Opt. 48(30), 5829–5833 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-48-30-5829 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. K. Al-Qaisi and T. Akkin, “Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography based on polarization-maintaining fibers and frequency multiplexing,” Opt. Express 16(17), 13032–13041 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-17-13032 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. E. A. Swanson, D. Huang, M. R. Hee, J. G. Fujimoto, C. P. Lin, and C. A. Puliafito, “High-speed optical coherence domain reflectometry,” Opt. Lett. 17(2), 151–153 (1992), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-17-2-151 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A. Rollins, S. Yazdanfar, M. Kulkarni, R. Ung-Arunyawee, and J. Izatt, “In vivo video rate optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 3(6), 219–229 (1998), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-3-6-219 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. A. Fercher, C. Hitzenberger, G. Kamp, and S. El-Zaiat, “Measurement of intraocular distances by backscattering spectral interferometry,” Opt. Commun. 117(1-2), 43–48 (1995). [CrossRef]
  16. G. Häusler and M. Lindner, ““Coherence Radar” and “Spectral Radar”—New Tools for Dermatological Diagnosis,” J. Biomed. Opt. 3(1), 21–31 (1998). [CrossRef]
  17. M. Wojtkowski, R. Leitgeb, A. Kowalczyk, T. Bajraszewski, and A. F. Fercher, “In vivo human retinal imaging by Fourier domain optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 7(3), 457–463 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. S. R. Chinn, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography using a frequency-tunable optical source,” Opt. Lett. 22(5), 340–342 (1997), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-22-5-340 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. B. Golubovic, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical frequency-domain reflectometry using rapid wavelength tuning of a Cr4+:forsterite laser,” Opt. Lett. 22(22), 1704–1706 (1997), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-22-22-1704 . [CrossRef]
  20. F. Lexer, C. K. Hitzenberger, A. F. Fercher, and M. Kulhavy, “Wavelength-tuning interferometry of intraocular distances,” Appl. Opt. 36(25), 6548–6553 (1997), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?URI=ao-36-25-6548 . [CrossRef]
  21. R. Leitgeb, C. Hitzenberger, and A. Fercher, “Performance of fourier domain vs. time domain optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 11(8), 889–894 (2003), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-11-8-889 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. M. Choma, M. Sarunic, C. Yang, and J. Izatt, “Sensitivity advantage of swept source and Fourier domain optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 11(18), 2183–2189 (2003), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-11-18-2183 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. J. F. de Boer, B. Cense, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “Improved signal-to-noise ratio in spectral-domain compared with time-domain optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett. 28(21), 2067–2069 (2003), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-28-21-2067 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. B. Liu and M. E. Brezinski, “Theoretical and practical considerations on detection performance of time domain, Fourier domain, and swept source optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 12(4), 044007 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. J. Zhang, W. Jung, J. Nelson, and Z. Chen, “Full range polarization-sensitive Fourier domain optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 12(24), 6033–6039 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-24-6033 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. E. Götzinger, M. Pircher, and C. K. Hitzenberger, “High speed spectral domain polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography of the human retina,” Opt. Express 13(25), 10217–10229 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-25-10217 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. M. Yamanari, S. Makita, V. D. Madjarova, T. Yatagai, and Y. Yasuno, “Fiber-based polarization-sensitive Fourier domain optical coherence tomography using B-scan-oriented polarization modulation method,” Opt. Express 14(14), 6502–6515 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-14-6502 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. B. Baumann, E. Götzinger, M. Pircher, and C. K. Hitzenberger, “Single camera based spectral domain polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 15(3), 1054–1063 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-3-1054 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. B. Cense, M. Mujat, T. C. Chen, B. H. Park, and J. F. de Boer, “Polarization-sensitive spectral-domain optical coherence tomography using a single line scan camera,” Opt. Express 15(5), 2421–2431 (2007), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-5-2421 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. W. Y. Oh, S. H. Yun, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, A. E. Desjardins, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “High-speed polarization sensitive optical frequency domain imaging with frequency multiplexing,” Opt. Express 16(2), 1096–1103 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-2-1096 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. M. Yamanari, S. Makita, and Y. Yasuno, “Polarization-sensitive swept-source optical coherence tomography with continuous source polarization modulation,” Opt. Express 16(8), 5892–5906 (2008), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-8-5892 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. H. Wang, M. K. Al-Qaisi, and T. Akkin, “Polarization-maintaining fiber based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography in spectral domain,” Opt. Lett. 35(2), 154–156 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-35-2-154 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. E. Götzinger, B. Baumann, M. Pircher, and C. K. Hitzenberger, “Polarization maintaining fiber based ultra-high resolution spectral domain polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 17(25), 22704–22717 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-17-25-22704 . [CrossRef]
  34. S. H. Yun, G. Tearney, J. de Boer, and B. Bouma, “Pulsed-source and swept-source spectral-domain optical coherence tomography with reduced motion artifacts,” Opt. Express 12(23), 5614–5624 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-23-5614 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. A. Yurek, H. Taylor, L. Goldberg, J. Weller, and A. Dandridge, “Quantum noise in superluminescent diodes,” J. Quantum Electron. 22(4), 522–527 (1986). [CrossRef]
  36. M. Kobayashi, H. F. Taylor, K. Takada, and J. Noda, “Optical Fiber Component Characterization by High-Intensity and High-Spatial-Resolution Interferometric Optical-Time-Domain Reflectometer,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3(6), 564–566 (1991). [CrossRef]
  37. S. Yun, G. Tearney, J. de Boer, N. Iftimia, and B. Bouma, “High-speed optical frequency-domain imaging,” Opt. Express 11(22), 2953–2963 (2003), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-11-22-2953 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  38. A. M. Rollins and J. A. Izatt, “Optimal interferometer designs for optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett. 24(21), 1484–1486 (1999), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-24-21-1484 . [CrossRef]
  39. S. H. Yun, C. Boudoux, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “High-speed wavelength-swept semiconductor laser with a polygon-scanner-based wavelength filter,” Opt. Lett. 28(20), 1981–1983 (2003), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-28-20-1981 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  40. M. R. Hee, D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Polarization-sensitive low-coherence reflectometer for birefringence characterization and ranging,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 903 (1992) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-9-6-903 . [CrossRef]
  41. C. Dorrer, N. Belabas, J. P. Likforman, and M. Joffre, “Spectral resolution and sampling issues in Fourier-transform spectral interferometry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(10), 1795–1802 (2000), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-17-10-1795 . [CrossRef]
  42. E. C. Lee, J. F. de Boer, M. Mujat, H. Lim, and S. H. Yun, “In vivo optical frequency domain imaging of human retina and choroid,” Opt. Express 14(10), 4403–4411 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-10-4403 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  43. B. Cense, N. Nassif, T. Chen, M. Pierce, S. H. Yun, B. Park, B. Bouma, G. Tearney, and J. de Boer, “Ultrahigh-resolution high-speed retinal imaging using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 12(11), 2435–2447 (2004), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-12-11-2435 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  44. H. Lim, J. F. de Boer, B. H. Park, E. C. Lee, R. Yelin, and S. H. Yun, “Optical frequency domain imaging with a rapidly swept laser in the 815-870 nm range,” Opt. Express 14(13), 5937–5944 (2006), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-13-5937 . [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  45. W. Sorin and D. Baney, “A simple intensity noise reduction technique for optical low coherence reflectometry,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4(12), 1404–1406 (1992). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited