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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 5 — Mar. 1, 2010
  • pp: 4118–4129

Ultrafast and Doppler-free femtosecond
optical ranging based on dispersive
frequency-modulated interferometry

Haiyun Xia and Chunxi Zhang  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 5, pp. 4118-4129 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.004118


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Abstract

An ultrafast and Doppler-free optical ranging system based on dispersive frequency-modulated interferometry is demonstrated. The principle is similar to the conventional frequency-modulated continuous-wave interferometry where the range information is derived from the beat frequency between the object signal and the reference signal. However, a passive and static frequency scanning is performed based on the chromatic dispersion of a transform-limited femtosecond pulse in the time domain. We point out that the unbalanced dispersion introduced in the Mach-Zehnder interferometer can be optimized to eliminate the frequency chirp in the temporal interferograms pertaining to the third order dispersion of the all-fiber system, if the dynamic range being considered is small. Some negative factors, such as the polarization instability of the femtosecond pulse, the power fluctuation of the optical signal and the nonuniform gain spectrum of the erbium-doped fiber amplifier lead to an obvious envelope deformation of the temporal interferograms from the Gaussian shape. Thus a new data processing method is proposed to guarantee the range resolution. In the experiment, the vibration of a speaker is measured. A range resolution of 1.59 μm is achieved with an exposure time of 394 fs at a sampling rate of 48.6 MHz.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(120.0280) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Remote sensing and sensors
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(140.3510) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, fiber
(140.4050) Lasers and laser optics : Mode-locked lasers
(280.3400) Remote sensing and sensors : Laser range finder
(320.7160) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast technology

ToC Category:
Remote Sensing

History
Original Manuscript: August 20, 2009
Revised Manuscript: November 23, 2009
Manuscript Accepted: November 29, 2009
Published: February 17, 2010

Citation
Haiyun Xia and Chunxi Zhang, "Ultrafast and Doppler-free femtosecond
optical ranging based on dispersive
frequency-modulated interferometry," Opt. Express 18, 4118-4129 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-5-4118


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