OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 5 — Mar. 1, 2010
  • pp: 4510–4517

Generation of hollow beams by spiral rays in multimode light guides

Gustav Schweiger, Ralf Nett, Bilal Özel, and Thomas Weigel  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 5, pp. 4510-4517 (2010)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (260 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



The generation of hollow beams by a multimode light guiding device is analyzed. The light propagation through the light guide is simulated by ray tracing. It is shown that hollow beams are generated by light rays that propagate along a spiral path through the light guide. The properties of the hollow beam depend on the tilt angle and location of the input beam on the front surface of the light guide. The properties of the output beam are investigated experimentally.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2400) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber properties
(080.3685) Geometric optics : Lightpipes
(350.4855) Other areas of optics : Optical tweezers or optical manipulation

ToC Category:
Optical Trapping and Manipulation

Original Manuscript: November 24, 2009
Revised Manuscript: January 10, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: January 14, 2010
Published: February 19, 2010

Gustav Schweiger, Ralf Nett, Bilal Özel, and Thomas Weigel, "Generation of hollow beams by spiral rays in multimode light guides," Opt. Express 18, 4510-4517 (2010)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, M. Nisoli, E. Priori, S. Stagira, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, V. Tosa, and K. Midorikawa, “Phase-matching analysis of high-order harmonics generated by truncated Bessel beams in the sub-10-fs regime,” Phys. Rev. A. 68 (2003).
  2. I. Manek, Y. B. Ovchinnikov, and R. Grimm, “Generation of a hollow laser beam for atom trapping using an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 147(1-3), 67–70 (1998). [CrossRef]
  3. Y. B. Ovchinnikov, I. Manek, A. I. Sidorov, G. Wasik, and R. Grimm, “Gravito-optical atom trap based on a conical hollow beam,” Europhys. Lett. 43(5), 510–515 (1998). [CrossRef]
  4. P. N. Powell, “Blue-detuned dark-hollow laser guides atomic beam,” Laser Focus World 37, 58 (2001).
  5. Z. Y. Wang, Y. M. Dong, and Q. Lin, “Atomic trapping and guiding by quasi-dark hollow beams,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7(3), 147–153 (2005). [CrossRef]
  6. J. P. Yin, Y. F. Zhu, W. Jhe, and Z. Z. Wang, “Atom guiding and cooling in a dark hollow laser beam,” Phys. Rev. A 58(1), 509–513 (1998). [CrossRef]
  7. J. P. Yin and Y. F. Zhu, “Dark-hollow-beam gravito-optical atom trap above an apex of a hollow optical fibre,” Opt. Commun. 152(4-6), 421–428 (1998). [CrossRef]
  8. J. P. Yin, Y. F. Zhu, and Y. Z. Wang, “Evanescent light-wave atomic funnel: A tandem hollow-fiber, hollow-beam approach,” Phys. Rev. A 57(3), 1957–1966 (1998). [CrossRef]
  9. J. P. Yin, Y. M. Lin, K. I. Lee, H. Nha, H. R. Noh, Y. Z. Wang, K. H. Oh, U. C. Paek, and W. H. Jhe, “Guiding of atoms in a dark-hollow laser beam,” (1998), pp. 362–364.
  10. J. P. Yin, Y. F. Zhu, W. B. Wang, Y. Z. Wang, and W. Jhe, “Optical potential for atom guidance in a dark hollow laser beam,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15(1), 25–33 (1998). [CrossRef]
  11. K. T. Gahagan and G. A. Swartzlander., “Optical vortex trapping of particles,” Opt. Lett. 21(11), 827–829 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. K. T. Gahagan and G. A. Swartzlander, “Trapping of low-index microparticles in an optical vortex,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15(2), 524–534 (1998). [CrossRef]
  13. M. Miyazaki and Y. Hayasaki, “Motion control of low-index microspheres in liquid based on optical repulsive force of a focused beam array,” Opt. Lett. 34(6), 821–823 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. W. Beijersbergen, R. P. C. Coerwinkel, M. Kristensen, and J. P. Woerdman, “HELICAL-WAVE-FRONT LASER-BEAMS PRODUCED WITH A SPIRAL PHASEPLATE,” Opt. Commun. 112(5-6), 321–327 (1994). [CrossRef]
  15. N. R. Heckenberg, R. McDuff, C. P. Smith, and A. G. White, “GENERATION OF OPTICAL PHASE SINGULARITIES BY COMPUTER-GENERATED HOLOGRAMS,” Opt. Lett. 17(3), 221–223 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. Y. Xia and J. P. Yin, “Generation of a focused hollow beam by an 2 pi-phase plate and its application in atom or molecule optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22(3), 529–536 (2005). [CrossRef]
  17. J. Arlt and K. Dholakia, “Generation of high-order Bessel beams by use of an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 177(1-6), 297–301 (2000). [CrossRef]
  18. R. De Saint-Denis, E. Cagniot, P. Leprince, M. Fromager, and K. Ait-Ameur, “Low cost adjustable axicon,” Optoelectronics and Advanced Materials-Rapid Communications 2, 693–696 (2008).
  19. S. R. Mishra, S. K. Tiwari, S. P. Ram, and S. C. Mehendale, “Generation of hollow conic beams using a metal axicon mirror,” Opt. Eng. 46 (2007).
  20. Y. Song, D. Milam, and W. T. Hill III, “Long, narrow all-light atom guide,” Opt. Lett. 24(24), 1805–1807 (1999). [CrossRef]
  21. R. Chakraborty and A. Ghosh, “Generation of an elliptic Bessel beam,” Opt. Lett. 31(1), 38–40 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. J. E. Curtis and D. G. Grier, “Modulated optical vortices,” Opt. Lett. 28(11), 872–874 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. F. K. Fatemi and M. Bashkansky, “Cold atom guidance using a binary spatial light modulator,” Opt. Express 14(4), 1368–1375 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. H. S. Lee, B. W. Stewart, K. Choi, and H. Fenichel, “HOLOGRAPHIC NONDIVERGING HOLLOW BEAM,” Phys. Rev. A 49(6), 4922–4927 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. H. Ito, K. Sakaki, T. Nakata, W. Jhe, and M. Ohtsu, “OPTICAL-POTENTIAL FOR ATOM GUIDANCE IN A CYLINDRICAL-CORE HOLLOW-FIBER,” Opt. Commun. 115(1-2), 57–64 (1995). [CrossRef]
  26. S. Marksteiner, C. M. Savage, P. Zoller, and S. L. Rolston, “COHERENT ATOMIC WAVEGUIDES FROM HOLLOW OPTICAL FIBERS: QUANTIZED ATOMIC MOTION,” Phys. Rev. A 50(3), 2680–2690 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. H. R. Noh and W. Jhe, “Atom optics with hollow optical systems,” Physics Reports-Review Section of Physics Letters 372, 269–317 (2002).
  28. Y. I. Shin, K. Kim, J. A. Kim, H. R. Noh, W. Jhe, K. Oh, and U. C. Paek, “Diffraction-limited dark laser spot produced by a hollow optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 26(3), 119–121 (2001). [CrossRef]
  29. C. C. Yan, G. G. Xue, C. Liu, H. Chen, and Y. P. Cui, “A method of acquiring a dark hollow beam of nanometer level,” Acta Physica Sinica 56, 160–164 (2007).
  30. J. P. Yin, H. R. Noh, K. I. Lee, K. H. Kim, Y. Z. Wang, and W. Jhe, “Generation of a dark hollow beam by a small hollow fiber,” Opt. Commun. 138(4-6), 287–292 (1997). [CrossRef]
  31. J. P. Yin, K. Kim, W. Shim, Y. F. Zhu, and W. H. Jhe, “Observation and discrimination of the mode patterns in a micron-sized hollow optical fiber and its synthetic measurements: far-field microimaging technique,” Opt. Eng. 37(8), 2277–2283 (1998). [CrossRef]
  32. C. L. Zhao, Y. J. Cai, F. Wang, X. H. Lu, and Y. Z. Wang, “Generation of a high-quality partially coherent dark hollow beam with a multimode fiber,” Opt. Lett. 33(12), 1389–1391 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. C. L. Zhao, X. H. Lu, and H. Chen, “Study of dark-hollow beams generated with different multimode fibres,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 25(5), 1676–1679 (2008). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited