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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 5 — Mar. 1, 2010
  • pp: 4727–4739

Modeling terahertz heating effects on water

Torben T. L. Kristensen, Withawat Withayachumnankul, Peter Uhd Jepsen, and Derek Abbott  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 5, pp. 4727-4739 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.004727


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Abstract

We apply Kirchhoff’s heat equation to model the influence of a CW terahertz beam on a sample of water, which is assumed to be static. We develop a generalized model, which easily can be applied to other liquids and solids by changing the material constants. If the terahertz light source is focused down to a spot with a diameter of 0.5 mm, we find that the steady-state temperature increase per milliwatt of transmitted power is 1.8°C/mW. A quantum cascade laser can produce a CW beam in the order of several milliwatts and this motivates the need to estimate the effect of beam power on the sample temperature. For THz time domain systems, we indicate how to use our model as a worst-case approximation based on the beam average power. It turns out that THz pulses created from photoconductive antennas give a negligible increase in temperature. As biotissue contains a high water content, this leads to a discussion of worst-case predictions for THz heating of the human body in order to motivate future detailed study. An open source Matlab implementation of our model is freely available for use at www.eleceng.adelaide.edu.au/thz.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(140.3360) Lasers and laser optics : Laser safety and eye protection
(260.3090) Physical optics : Infrared, far
(300.6495) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, teraherz

ToC Category:
Spectroscopy

History
Original Manuscript: January 12, 2010
Revised Manuscript: February 5, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: February 9, 2010
Published: February 22, 2010

Virtual Issues
Vol. 5, Iss. 6 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Torben T. L. Kristensen, Withawat Withayachumnankul, Peter U. Jepsen, and Derek Abbott, "Modeling terahertz heating effects on water," Opt. Express 18, 4727-4739 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-5-4727


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