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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 5 — Mar. 1, 2010
  • pp: 5168–5178

Design of light-trapping microscale-textured surfaces for efficient organic solar cells

Kanwar S. Nalwa and Sumit Chaudhary  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 5, pp. 5168-5178 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.005168


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Abstract

Organic photovoltaic (OPV) cells suffer from low charge carrier mobilities of polymers, which renders it important to achieve complete optical absorption in active layers thinner than optical absorption length. Active layers conformally deposited on light-trapping, microscale textured, grating-type surfaces is one possible approach to achieve this objective. In this report, we analyze the design of such grating-type OPV cells using finite element method simulations. The energy dissipation of electromagnetic field in the active layer is studied as a function of active layer thickness, and pitch and height of the underlying textures. The superiority of textured geometry in terms of light trapping is clearly demonstrated by the simulation results. We observe 40% increase in photonic absorption in 150 nm thick active layer, for textures with 2 μm pitch and 1.5 μm height.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(040.5350) Detectors : Photovoltaic
(050.2770) Diffraction and gratings : Gratings
(160.0160) Materials : Materials
(160.4890) Materials : Organic materials
(160.5140) Materials : Photoconductive materials
(250.0250) Optoelectronics : Optoelectronics
(250.2080) Optoelectronics : Polymer active devices

ToC Category:
Solar Energy

History
Original Manuscript: December 14, 2009
Revised Manuscript: February 17, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: February 17, 2010
Published: February 25, 2010

Virtual Issues
Focus Issue: Solar Concentrators (2010) Optics Express

Citation
Kanwar S. Nalwa and Sumit Chaudhary, "Design of light-trapping microscale-textured surfaces for efficient organic solar cells," Opt. Express 18, 5168-5178 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-5-5168


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