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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 5 — Mar. 1, 2010
  • pp: 5221–5228

Creation of large band gap with anisotropic annular photonic crystal slab structure

Peng Shi, Kun Huang, Xue-liang Kang, and Yong-ping Li  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 5, pp. 5221-5228 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.005221


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Abstract

A two-dimensional anisotropic annular photonic crystal slab structure composed of circular air holes and dielectric rods with finite thickness in a triangular lattice is presented to achieve an absolute photonic band gap. Positive uniaxial crystal Tellurium is introduced to the structure with the extraordinary axis parallel to the extension direction of rods. The role of each geometric parameter is investigated by employing the conjugate-gradient method. A large mid-gap ratio is realized by the parameter optimization. A flat band called as anomalous group velocity within two large gaps is discovered and can be widely applied in many fields. A hybrid structure with GaAs slab and Te rods is designed to achieve a large gap and demonstrates that the annular structure can improve the gap effectively.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(260.2110) Physical optics : Electromagnetic optics
(160.5293) Materials : Photonic bandgap materials
(230.5298) Optical devices : Photonic crystals
(130.5440) Integrated optics : Polarization-selective devices

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystals

History
Original Manuscript: December 2, 2009
Revised Manuscript: January 13, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: January 30, 2010
Published: February 26, 2010

Citation
Peng Shi, Kun Huang, Xue-liang Kang, and Yong-ping Li, "Creation of large band gap with anisotropic annular photonic crystal slab structure," Opt. Express 18, 5221-5228 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-5-5221


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