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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 6 — Mar. 15, 2010
  • pp: 5481–5495

2D back-side diffraction grating for improved light trapping in thin silicon solar cells

Jo Gjessing, Erik Stensrud Marstein, and Aasmund Sudbø  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 6, pp. 5481-5495 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.005481


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Abstract

Light-trapping techniques can be used to improve the efficiency of thin silicon solar cells. We report on numerical investigation of a light trapping design consisting of a 2D back-side diffraction grating in combination with an aluminum mirror and a spacing layer of low permittivity to minimize parasitic absorption in the aluminum. The light-trapping design was compared to a planar reference design with antireflection coating and back-side aluminum mirror. Both normally and obliquely incident light was investigated. For normal incidence, the light trapping structure increases the short circuit current density with 17% from 30.4 mA/cm2 to 35.5 mA/cm2 for a 20 µm thick silicon solar cell. Our design also increases the current density in thinner cells, and yields higher current density than two recently published designs for cell thickness of 2 and 5 µm, respectively. The increase in current may be attributed to two factors; increased path length due to in-coupling of light, and decreased parasitic absorption in the aluminum due to the spacing layer.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(050.1950) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction gratings
(350.6050) Other areas of optics : Solar energy

ToC Category:
Solar Energy

History
Original Manuscript: November 6, 2009
Revised Manuscript: February 24, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: February 24, 2010
Published: March 3, 2010

Virtual Issues
Focus Issue: Solar Concentrators (2010) Optics Express

Citation
Jo Gjessing, Erik Stensrud Marstein, and Aasmund Sudbø, "2D back-side diffraction grating for improved light trapping in thin silicon solar cells," Opt. Express 18, 5481-5495 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-6-5481


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