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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 7 — Mar. 29, 2010
  • pp: 6722–6739

Maximizing the bandwidth of supercontinuum generation in As2Se3 chalcogenide fibers

Jonathan Hu, Curtis R. Menyuk, L. Brandon Shaw, Jasbinder S. Sanghera, and Ishwar D. Aggarwal  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 7, pp. 6722-6739 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.006722


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Abstract

We describe in detail a procedure for maximizing the bandwidth of supercontinuum generation in As2Se3 chalcogenide fibers and the physics behind this procedure. First, we determine the key parameters that govern the design. Second, we find the conditions for the fiber to be endlessly single-mode; the fiber should be endlessly single-mode to maintain high nonlinearity and low coupling loss. We find that supercontinuum generation in As2Se3 fibers proceeds in two stages — an initial stage that is dominated by four-wave mixing and a later stage that is dominated by the Raman-induced soliton self-frequency shift. Third, we determine the conditions to maximize the Stokes wavelength that is generated by four-wave mixing in the initial stage. Finally, we put all these pieces together to maximize the bandwidth. We show that it is possible to generate an optical bandwidth of more than 4 μm with an input pump wavelength of 2.5 μm using an As2Se3 fiber with an air-hole-diameter-to-pitch ratio of 0.4 and a pitch of 3 μm. Obtaining this bandwidth requires a careful choice of the fiber’s waveguide parameters and the pulse’s peak power and duration, which determine respectively the fiber’s dispersion and nonlinearity.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2280) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber design and fabrication
(060.2390) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics, infrared
(320.6629) Ultrafast optics : Supercontinuum generation

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

History
Original Manuscript: November 20, 2009
Revised Manuscript: March 2, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: March 5, 2010
Published: March 17, 2010

Citation
Jonathan Hu, Curtis R. Menyuk, L. Brandon Shaw, Jasbinder S. Sanghera, and Ishwar D. Aggarwal, "Maximizing the bandwidth of supercontinuum generation in As2Se3 chalcogenide fibers," Opt. Express 18, 6722-6739 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-7-6722


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