OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 8 — Apr. 12, 2010
  • pp: 7678–7684

Mode Tailoring in a Ridge-type Periodically Poled Lithium Niobate Waveguide

Y. L. Lee, W. Shin, B.-A. Yu, C. Jung, Y.-C. Noh, and D.-K. Ko  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 8, pp. 7678-7684 (2010)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (262 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We present a simple and powerful method for mode generation and transformation in a ridge-type periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) waveguide by the use of second-order nonlinear effect and local-temperature-control technique. We show that a Hermite-Gaussian (HG) mode wave (among HG 00 to HG 22 ) can be selectively generated via the quasi-phase-matching (QPM) nonlinear process in a PPLN waveguide by tuning the wavelength of fundamental wave or the temperature of the waveguide. As well, it is demonstrated that HG mode can be transformed into Laguerre-Gaussian (LG) one via combination of HG modes which are simultaneously generated in a single PPLN waveguide with local-temperature-control technique.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(130.3730) Integrated optics : Lithium niobate
(140.3300) Lasers and laser optics : Laser beam shaping
(230.4320) Optical devices : Nonlinear optical devices
(230.7380) Optical devices : Waveguides, channeled

ToC Category:
Integrated Optics

Original Manuscript: January 25, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: March 16, 2010
Published: March 30, 2010

Y. L. Lee, W. Shin, B.-A. Yu, C. Jung, Y.-C. Noh, and D.-K. Ko, "Mode tailoring in a ridge-type periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Opt. Express 18, 7678-7684 (2010)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. D. Buccoliero, A. S. Desyatnikov, W. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Laguerre and Hermite soliton clusters in nonlocal nonlinear media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(5), 053901 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. F. Andersen, C. Ryu, P. Cladé, V. Natarajan, A. Vaziri, K. Helmerson, and W. D. Phillips, “Quantized rotation of atoms from photons with orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(17), 170406 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R. Di Leonardo, J. Leach, H. Mushfique, J. M. Cooper, G. Ruocco, and M. J. Padgett, “Multipoint holographic optical velocimetry in microfluidic systems,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(13), 134502 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. D. G. Grier, “A revolution in optical manipulation,” Nature 424(6950), 810–816 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, “Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons,” Nature 412(6844), 313–316 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. K. Wagner, J. Janousek, V. Delaubert, H. Zou, C. Harb, N. Treps, J.-F. Morizur, P. K. Lam, and H.-A. Bachor, “Entangling the spatial properties of laser beams,” Science 321(5888), 541–543 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Janousek, K. Wagner, J.-F. Morizur, N. Treps, P. K. Lam, C. C. Harb, and H. A. Bachor, “Optical entanglement of co-propagation modes,” Nat. Photonics 3(7), 399–402 (2009). [CrossRef]
  8. G. Molina-Terriza, J. P. Torres, and L. Torner, “Twisted photons,” Nat. Phys. 3(5), 305–310 (2007). [CrossRef]
  9. F. Tamburini, G. Anzolin, G. Umbriaco, A. Bianchini, and C. Barbieri, “Overcoming the rayleigh criterion limit with optical vortices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(16), 163903 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. W. Beijersbergen, L. Allen, H. E. L. O. van der Veen, and J. P. Woerdman, “Astigmatic laser mode converters and transfer of orbital angular momentum,” Opt. Commun. 96(1-3), 123–132 (1993). [CrossRef]
  11. J. R. Leger, D. Chen, and K. Dai, “High modal discrimination in a Nd:YAG laser resonator with internal phase gratings,” Opt. Lett. 19(23), 1976–1978 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S. D. Silvestri, V. Magni, O. Svelto, and G. Valentini, “Lasers with super-Gaussian Mirrors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(9), 1500–1509 (1990). [CrossRef]
  13. G. Machavariani, “Effect of phase imperfections on high-order mode selection with intracavity phase elements,” Appl. Opt. 43(34), 6328–6333 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. K. J. Moh, X.-C. Yuan, J. Bu, R. E. Burge, and B. Z. Gao, “Generating radial or azimuthal polarization by axial sampling of circularly polarized vortex beams,” Appl. Opt. 46(30), 7544–7551 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. N. R. Heckenberg, R. McDuff, C. P. Smith, and A. G. White, “Generation of optical phase singularities by computer-generated holograms,” Opt. Lett. 17(3), 221–223 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. E. J. Galvez, P. R. Crawford, H. I. Sztul, M. J. Pysher, P. J. Haglin, and R. E. Williams, “Geometric phase associated with mode transformations of optical beams bearing orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(20), 203901 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. Y. L. Lee, Y.-C. Noh, C. Jung, T. J. Yu, B.-A. Yu, J. Lee, D.-K. Ko, and K. Oh, “Reshaping of a second-harmonic curve in periodically poled Ti:LiNbO3 channel waveguide by a local-temperature-control technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(1), 011104 (2005). [CrossRef]
  19. M. L. Sundheimer, Ch. Bosshard, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, and J. D. Bierlein, “Large nonlinear phase modulation in quasi-phase-matched KTP waveguides as a result of cascaded second-order processes,” Opt. Lett. 18(17), 1397–1399 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C.-S. Kee, D.-K. Ko, J. Lee, B.-A. Yu, W. Shin, T. J. Eom, and Y.-C. Noh, “Wavelength filtering characteristics of Solc filter based on Ti:PPLN channel waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 32(19), 2813–2815 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. S. W. Kwon, W. S. Yang, H. M. Lee, W. K. Kim, H.-Y. Lee, W. J. Jeong, M. K. Song, and D. H. Yoon, “The ridge waveguide fabrication with periodically poled MgO-doped lithium niobate for green laser,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 254(4), 1101–1104 (2007). [CrossRef]
  22. G. Imeshev, A. Galvanauskas, D. Harter, M. A. Arbore, M. Proctor, and M. M. Fejer, “Engineerable femtosecond pulse shaping by second-harmonic generation with Fourier synthetic quasi-phase-matching gratings,” Opt. Lett. 23(11), 864–866 (1998). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited