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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 8 — Apr. 12, 2010
  • pp: 8311–8331

A static Fourier transform spectrometer for atmospheric sounding: concept and experimental implementation

Antoine Lacan, François-Marie Bréon, Alain Rosak, Frank Brachet, Lionel Roucayrol, Pierre Etcheto, Christophe Casteras, and Yves Salaün  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 8, pp. 8311-8331 (2010)

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Spaceborne remote sensing can be used to retrieve the atmospheric composition and complement the surface or airborne measurement networks. In recent years, a lot of attention has been placed on the monitoring of carbon dioxide for an estimate of surface fluxes from the observed spatial and temporal gradients of its concentration. Although other techniques may be used to estimate atmospheric CO2 concentration, the most promising for the near future is the absorption spectroscopy, focusing on the CO2 absorption lines at 1.6 and/or 2.0 microns. For this objective, the French space agency (CNES) has developed a new spectrometer concept that is sufficiently compact to be placed onboard a microsatellite platform. The principle is that of a Fourier Transform Spectrometer (FTS), although the classical moving mirror is replaced by two sets of mirrors organized in steps. The interferogram is then imaged on a CCD matrix. The concept allows a very high resolving power, although limited to narrow spectral bands, which is well suited for the observation of a few CO2 absorption lines. The laboratory model shows that a resolving power of about 65000 is achieved with a signal to noise on the spectra around 300. A modulating plate on the light path allows an easy change of the path difference. Although this component adds some complexity to the instrument, it greatly improves the information content of the measurements.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(010.0010) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric and oceanic optics
(300.6300) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, Fourier transforms
(010.0280) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Remote sensing and sensors

ToC Category:
Atmospheric and Oceanic Optics

Original Manuscript: December 7, 2009
Revised Manuscript: January 18, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: January 19, 2010
Published: April 6, 2010

Antoine Lacan, François-Marie Bréon, Alain Rosak, Frank Brachet, Lionel Roucayrol, Pierre Etcheto, Christophe Casteras, and Yves Salaün, "A static Fourier transform spectrometer for atmospheric sounding: concept and experimental implementation," Opt. Express 18, 8311-8331 (2010)

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