OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 9 — Apr. 26, 2010
  • pp: 8836–8846

Cathodo- and photoluminescence in Yb3+-Er3+ co-doped PbF2 nanoparticles

V. K. Tikhomirov, G. Adamo, A. E. Nikolaenko, V. D. Rodriguez, P. Gredin, M. Mortier, N. I. Zheludev, and V. V. Moshchalkov  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 9, pp. 8836-8846 (2010)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (3655 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We have prepared and studied the PbF2:(Yb3+,Er3+) co-doped nanoparticles, with chemical formula (Yb-Er)xPb1-xF2+x, where x = 0.29, Yb3+/Er3+ = 6, and estimated the energy efficiency for their cathodoluminescence, mostly of Yb3+, and up-conversion photoluminescence of Er3+ to reach more than 0.5% and 20%, respectively, which may be the highest to date for rare-earth doped nanoparticles. Electron beam induced temperature rise in the nanoparticles has been estimated by measuring the ratio of green emission bands of Er3+. These high efficiencies are due to high doping level of nanoparticles and due to low phonon energy of the PbF2 host.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(160.5690) Materials : Rare-earth-doped materials
(160.4236) Materials : Nanomaterials

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: February 8, 2010
Revised Manuscript: March 14, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: March 15, 2010
Published: April 13, 2010

V. K. Tikhomirov, G. Adamo, A. E. Nikolaenko, V. D. Rodriguez, P. Gredin, M. Mortier, N. I. Zheludev, and V. V. Moshchalkov, "Cathodo- and photoluminescence in Yb3+-Er3+ co-doped PbF2 nanoparticles," Opt. Express 18, 8836-8846 (2010)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. L. Aigouy, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, G. Julié, V. Mathet, and M. Mortier, “Near-field analysis of surface waves launched at nanoslit apertures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(15), 153902 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. E. Plum, V. A. Fedotov, P. Kuo, D. P. Tsai, and N. I. Zheludev, “Towards the lasing spaser: controlling metamaterial optical response with semiconductor quantum dots,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8548–8551 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. H. Zhou, M. Wissinger, J. Fallert, R. Hauschild, F. Stelzl, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, “Ordered, uniform-sized ZnO nanolaser arrays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(18), 181112 (2007). [CrossRef]
  4. P. Salas, C. Angeles-Chavez, J. A. Montoya, E. De la Rosa, L. A. Diaz-Torres, H. Desirena, A. Martinez, M. A. Romero-Romo, and J. Morales, “Synthesis, characterization and luminescence properties of ZrO2:Yb3+-Er3+ nanophosphor,” Opt. Mater. 27(7), 1295–1300 (2005). [CrossRef]
  5. D. Matsuura, “Red, green and blue up-conversion luminescence of trivalent rare earth ion-doped Y2O3 nanocrystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(24), 4526–4528 (2002). [CrossRef]
  6. J. Zhang, Y. Fu, and J. R. Lakowicz, “Luminescent images of single gold nanoparticles and their labeling on silica beads,” Opt. Express 15(20), 13415–13420 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. J. Mock, S. J. Oldenburg, D. R. Smith, D. A. Schultz, and S. Schultz, “Composite plasmon resonant nanowires,” Nano Lett. 2(5), 465–469 (2002). [CrossRef]
  8. E. Beaurepaire, V. Buissette, M.-P. Sauviat, D. Giaume, K. Lahlil, A. Mercuri, D. Casanova, A. Huignard, J.-L. Martin, T. Gacoin, J.-P. Boilot, and A. Alexandrou, “Functionalized fluorescent oxide nanoparticles: artificial toxins for sodium channel targeting and imaging at the single molecule level,” Nano Lett. 4(11), 2079–2083 (2004). [CrossRef]
  9. V. K. Tikhomirov, K. Driesen, V. D. Rodriguez, P. Gredin, M. Mortier, and V. V. Moshchalkov, “Optical nanoheater based on the Yb3+-Er3+ co-doped nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 17(14), 11794–11798 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. V. K. Tikhomirov, L. F. Chibotaru, D. Saurel, P. Gredin, M. Mortier, and V. V. Moshchalkov, “Er(3+)-doped nanoparticles for optical detection of magnetic field,” Nano Lett. 9(2), 721–724 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. M. Mortier and G. Patriarche, “Oxide glass used as inorganic template for fluorescent fluoride nano-particle synthesis,” Opt. Mater. 28(12), 1401–1404 (2006). [CrossRef]
  12. Z.-L. Wang, H. L. W. Chan, H.-L. Li, and J. H. Hao, “Highly efficient low-voltage cathodoluminescence of LaF3:Ln3+ (La=Eu3+, Ce3+, Tb3+) spherical particles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 141106 (2008). [CrossRef]
  13. J. Hao, S. A. Studenkin, and M. Cocivera, “Blue, green and red cathodoluminescence of Y2O3 phosphor films prepared by spray pyrolysis,” J. Lumin. 93(4), 313–319 (2001). [CrossRef]
  14. N. Rakov, F. E. Ramos, G. Hirata, and M. Xiao, “Strong photoluminescence and cathodoluminescence due to f-f transitions in Eu3+-doped powders prepared by direct combustion synthesis and thin films deposited by laser ablation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(2), 272–274 (2003). [CrossRef]
  15. L. Aigouy, G. Tessier, M. Mortier, and B. Charlot, “Scanning thermal imaging of microelectronic circuits with a fluorescent nanoprobe,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(18), 184105 (2005). [CrossRef]
  16. T. Hayakawa, M. Hayakawa, and M. Nogami, “Estimation of the fs laser spot temperature inside TeO2-ZnO-Nb2O5 glass by using up-conversion green fluorescence of Er3+ ions,” J. Alloy. Comp. 451(1–2), 77–80 (2008). [CrossRef]
  17. T. Welker, “Recent developments on phosphors for fluorescent lamps and cathode-ray tubes,” J. Lumin. 48–49, 49–56 (1991). [CrossRef]
  18. G. Adamo, K. F. MacDonald, Y. H. Fu, C. M. Wang, D. P. Tsai, F. J. de Abajo, and N. I. Zheludev, “Light well: a tunable free-electron light source on a chip,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(11), 113901 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. F. Auzel, “Up-conversion and anti-Stokes processes with d and f ions in solids,” Chem. Rev. 105(1), 139–174 (2004). [CrossRef]
  20. V. K. Tikhomirov, K. Driesen, C. Görller-Walrand, and M. Mortier, “Broadband telecommunication wavelength emission in Yb(3+)-Er(3+)-Tm(3+) co-doped nano-glassceramics,” Opt. Express 15(15), 9535–9540 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. V. K. Tikhomirov, D. Furniss, I. M. Reaney, M. Beggiora, M. Ferrari, M. Montagna, and R. Rolli, “Fabrication and characterization of nanoscale, Er3+-doped, ultratransparent oxyfluoride glass-ceramics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(11), 1937–1939 (2002). [CrossRef]
  22. V. D. Rodríguez, V. K. Tikhomirov, J. Méndez-Ramos, J. del-Castillo, and C. Görller-Walrand, “Measurement of quantum yield of up-conversion Luminescence in Er(3+)-doped nano-glass-ceramics,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 9(3), 2072–2075 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. V. D. Rodríguez, V. K. Tikhomirov, J. Méndez-Ramos, and A. B. Seddon, “The shape of the 1.55 μm emission band of the Er3+ dopant in oxyfluoride nano-scaled glass-ceramics,” Europhys. Lett. 69(1), 128–134 (2005). [CrossRef]
  24. J. Fallert, R. J. B. Dietz, J. Sartor, D. Schneider, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, “Co-existence of strongly and weakly localised random laser modes,” Nat. Photonics 3(5), 279–282 (2009). [CrossRef]
  25. J. F. Suyver, M. K. van Veen, D. Biner, K. W. Krämer, and H. U. Güdel, “Upconversion spectroscopy and properties of NaYF4 doped with Er3+, Tm3+ and/or Yb3+,” J. Lumin. 117(1), 1–12 (2006). [CrossRef]
  26. D. J. M. Bevan, J. Strähle, and O. Greis, “The crystal-structure of tveitite, an ordered yttrofluorite mineral,” J. Solid State Chem. 44(1), 75–81 (1982). [CrossRef]
  27. S. Hull, “Superionic crystal structures and conduction processes,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 67(7), 1233–1314 (2004). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited