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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 9 — Apr. 26, 2010
  • pp: 9119–9132

All-reflective coupling of two optical cavities with 3-port diffraction gratings

Oliver Burmeister, Michael Britzger, André Thüring, Daniel Friedrich, Frank Brückner, Karsten Danzmann, and Roman Schnabel  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 9, pp. 9119-9132 (2010)

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The shot-noise limited sensitivity of Michelson-type laser interferometers with Fabry-Perot arm cavities can be increased by the so-called power-recycling technique. In such a scheme the power-recycling cavity is optically coupled with the interferometer’s arm cavities. A problem arises because the central coupling mirror transmits a rather high laser power and may show thermal lensing, thermo-refractive noise and photo-thermo-refractive noise. Cryogenic cooling of this mirror is also challenging, and thus thermal noise becomes a general problem. Here, we theoretically investigate an all-reflective coupling scheme of two optical cavities based on a 3-port diffraction grating. We show that power-recycling of a high-finesse arm cavity is possible without transmitting any laser power through a substrate material. The power splitting ratio of the three output ports of the grating is, surprisingly, noncritical.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1970) Diffraction and gratings : Diffractive optics
(050.2230) Diffraction and gratings : Fabry-Perot
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(230.1950) Optical devices : Diffraction gratings
(230.5750) Optical devices : Resonators
(230.4555) Optical devices : Coupled resonators

ToC Category:
Diffraction and Gratings

Original Manuscript: February 11, 2010
Revised Manuscript: April 8, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: April 8, 2010
Published: April 15, 2010

Oliver Burmeister, Michael Britzger, André Thüring, Daniel Friedrich, Frank Brückner, Karsten Danzmann, and Roman Schnabel, "All-reflective coupling of two optical cavities with 3-port diffraction gratings," Opt. Express 18, 9119-9132 (2010)

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