OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 9 — Apr. 26, 2010
  • pp: 9119–9132

All-reflective coupling of two optical cavities with 3-port diffraction gratings

Oliver Burmeister, Michael Britzger, André Thüring, Daniel Friedrich, Frank Brückner, Karsten Danzmann, and Roman Schnabel  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 9, pp. 9119-9132 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.009119


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (3511 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The shot-noise limited sensitivity of Michelson-type laser interferometers with Fabry-Perot arm cavities can be increased by the so-called power-recycling technique. In such a scheme the power-recycling cavity is optically coupled with the interferometer’s arm cavities. A problem arises because the central coupling mirror transmits a rather high laser power and may show thermal lensing, thermo-refractive noise and photo-thermo-refractive noise. Cryogenic cooling of this mirror is also challenging, and thus thermal noise becomes a general problem. Here, we theoretically investigate an all-reflective coupling scheme of two optical cavities based on a 3-port diffraction grating. We show that power-recycling of a high-finesse arm cavity is possible without transmitting any laser power through a substrate material. The power splitting ratio of the three output ports of the grating is, surprisingly, noncritical.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1970) Diffraction and gratings : Diffractive optics
(050.2230) Diffraction and gratings : Fabry-Perot
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(230.1950) Optical devices : Diffraction gratings
(230.5750) Optical devices : Resonators
(230.4555) Optical devices : Coupled resonators

ToC Category:
Diffraction and Gratings

History
Original Manuscript: February 11, 2010
Revised Manuscript: April 8, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: April 8, 2010
Published: April 15, 2010

Citation
Oliver Burmeister, Michael Britzger, André Thüring, Daniel Friedrich, Frank Brückner, Karsten Danzmann, and Roman Schnabel, "All-reflective coupling of two optical cavities with 3-port diffraction gratings," Opt. Express 18, 9119-9132 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-9-9119


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. B. Dahmani, L. Hollberg, and R. Drullinger, "Frequency stabilization of semiconductor lasers by resonant optical feedback," Opt. Lett. 12, 876-878 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. A. Wicht, P. Huke, and R.-H. Rinkleff, "Advancing the Optical Feed Back Concept: Grating Enhanced External Cavity Diode Laser," Physica Scripta. T 118, 82-84 (2005). [CrossRef]
  3. V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and F. Ya. Khalili, "Optical bars in gravitational wave antennas," Phys. Lett. A 232, 340-348 (1997). [CrossRef]
  4. B. J. Meers, "Recycling in laser-interferometric gravitational-wave detectors," Phys. Rev. D 38, 2317-2326 (1988). [CrossRef]
  5. P. Fritschel, D. Shoemaker, and R. Weiss, "Demonstration of light recycling in a Michelson interferometer with Fabry-Perot cavities," Appl. Opt. 31, 1412-1418 (1992). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Mizuno, K. A. Strain, P. G. Nelson, J. M. Chen, R. Schilling, A. Rudiger, W. Winkler, and K. Danzmann, "Resonant sideband extraction: a new configuration for interferometric gravitational wave detectors," Phys. Lett. A 175, 273-276 (1993). [CrossRef]
  7. G. Heinzel, J. Mizuno, R. Schilling, A. Rudiger, W. Winkler, and K. Danzmann, "An experimental demonstration of resonant sideband extraction for laser-interferometric gravitational wave detectors," Phys. Lett. A 217, 305-314 (1996). [CrossRef]
  8. J. Mizuno, "Comparison of optical configurations for laser-interferometric gravitational-wave detectors," Internal report MPQ 203 (1995).
  9. A. Thuring, R. Schnabel, H. Luck, and K. Danzmann, "Detuned Twin-Signal-Recycling for ultrahigh-precision interferometers," Opt. Lett. 32, 985-987 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. Thuring, C. Graf, H. Vahlbruch, M. Mehmet, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, "Broadband squeezing of quantum noise in a Michelson interferometer with Twin-Signal-Recycling," Opt. Lett. 34, 824-826 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. B. P. Abbott,  et al., "LIGO: the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory," Rep. Prog. Phys. 72, 076901 (2009). [CrossRef]
  12. F. Acernese et al., "The Virgo status," Class. Quantum Grav. 23, S635-S642 (2006). [CrossRef]
  13. K. A. Strain, K. Danzmann, J. Mizuno, P. G. Nelson, A. R¨udiger, R. Schilling, and W. Winkler, "Thermal lensing in recycling interferometric gravitational-wave detectors," Phys. Lett. A 194, 124-132 (1994). [CrossRef]
  14. V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky and S. P. Vyatchanin, "Thermodynamical fluctuations and photo-thermal shot noise in gravitational wave antennae," Phys. Lett. A 264, 1-10 (1999). [CrossRef]
  15. V. B. Braginsky, M. L. Gorodetsky, and S. P. Vyatchanin, "Thermo-refractive noise in gravitational wave antennae," Phys. Lett. A 271, 303-307 (2000). [CrossRef]
  16. K. Arai et al., "Status of Japanese gravitational wave detectors," Class. Quantum Grav. 26, 204020 (2009). [CrossRef]
  17. Y. Levin, "Internal thermal noise in the LIGO test masses: A direct approach," Phys. Rev. D 57, 659-663 (1998). [CrossRef]
  18. R. W. P. Drever, "Concepts for Extending the Ultimate Sensitivity of Interferometric Gravitational Wave Detectors Using Non-Transmissive Optics with Diffractive or Holographic Coupling," in Proceedings of the Seventh Marcel Grossman Meeting on General Relativity, M. Keiser and R. T. Jantzen (eds.),World Scientific, Singapore (1995).
  19. K.-X. Sun and R. L. Byer, "All-reflective Michelson, Sagnac, and Fabry-Perot interferometers based on grating beam splitters," Opt. Lett. 23, 567-569 (1998). [CrossRef]
  20. A. Bunkowski, O. Burmeister, P. Beyersdorf, K. Danzmann, R. Schnabel, T. Clausnitzer, E.-B. Kley, and A. T¨unnermann "Low-loss grating for coupling to a high-finesse cavity," Opt. Lett. 29, 2342-2344 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. A. Bunkowski, O. Burmeister, K. Danzmann, R. Schnabel, T. Clausnitzer, E.-B. Kley, and A. T¨unnermann, "Optical characterization of ultra-high diffraction efficiency gratings," Appl. Opt. 45, 5795-5799 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. D. Friedrich, O. Burmeister, A. Bunkowski, T. Clausnitzer, S. Fahr, E.-B. Kley, A. T¨unnermann, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, "Diffractive beam splitter characterization via a power-recycled interferometer," Opt. Lett. 33, 101-103 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. F. Bruckner, D. Friedrich, T. Clausnitzer, M. Britzger, O. Burmeister, K. Danzmann, E.-B. Kley, A. Tunnermann, and R. Schnabel, "Realization of a monolithic high-reflectivity cavity mirror from a single silicon crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett., accepted (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. A. Bunkowski, O. Burmeister, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, "Input-output relations for a 3-port grating coupled Fabry-Perot cavity," Opt. Lett. 30, 1183-1185 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. H. Vahlbruch, S. Chelkowski, K. Danzmann, and R. Schnabel, "Quantum engineering of squeezed states for quantum communication and metrology," New J. Phys. 9, 371 (2007). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited