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Energy Express

  • Editor: Bernard Kippelen
  • Vol. 18, Iss. S1 — Apr. 26, 2010
  • pp: A64–A72

Pushing concentration of stationary solar concentrators to the limit

Roland Winston and Weiya Zhang  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue S1, pp. A64-A72 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.000A64


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Abstract

We give the theoretical limit of concentration allowed by nonimaging optics for stationary solar concentrators after reviewing sun–earth geometry in direction cosine space. We then discuss the design principles that we follow to approach the maximum concentration along with examples including a hollow CPC trough, a dielectric CPC trough, and a 3D dielectric stationary solar concentrator which concentrates sun light four times (4x), eight hours per day year around.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(080.0080) Geometric optics : Geometric optics
(220.0220) Optical design and fabrication : Optical design and fabrication
(220.1770) Optical design and fabrication : Concentrators
(350.6050) Other areas of optics : Solar energy
(080.4298) Geometric optics : Nonimaging optics

ToC Category:
Solar Concentrators

History
Original Manuscript: March 22, 2010
Revised Manuscript: April 21, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: April 21, 2010
Published: April 26, 2010

Virtual Issues
Focus Issue: Solar Concentrators (2010) Optics Express

Citation
Roland Winston and Weiya Zhang, "Pushing concentration of stationary solar concentrators to the limit," Opt. Express 18, A64-A72 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-S1-A64


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References

  1. R. Winston, “Light Collection within the Framework of Geometrical Optics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60(2), 245 (1970). [CrossRef]
  2. R. Winston, “Principles of solar concentrators of a novel design,” Sol. Energy 16(2), 89–95 (1974). [CrossRef]
  3. R. Winston, J. C. Miñano, and P. Benítez with contributions by Narkis Shatz and John C. Bortz, Nonimaging Optics, (Elsevier Academic Press, Burlington, MA 2005).
  4. A. Rabl, Active Solar Collectors and Their Applications, (Oxford University Press, New York, New York, 1985), Chap. 2.
  5. R. Winston, “Dielectric compound parabolic concentrators,” Appl. Opt. 15(2), 291–292 (1976). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. Winston, “Development of the Compound Parabolic Concentrator (CPC),” Proc. Soc. Photo Opt. Instrum. Eng. 68, 136–144 (1975).
  7. E. Lorenzo, “Energy Collected and Delivered by PV Modules,” in Handbook of Photovoltaic Science and Engineering, A. Luque and S. Hegedus eds. (Wiley, Chichester, West Sussex, 2003), Chap. 20.
  8. R. S. Scharlack, “All-dielectric compound parabolic concentrator,” Appl. Opt. 16(10), 2601–2602 (1977). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. W. T. Welford, and R. Winston, High Collection Nonimaging Optics, (Academic Press, New York and London, 1989).
  10. H. Hinterberger and R. Winston, “An Efficient Light Coupler for Threshold Cerenkov Counters,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 37(8), 1094 (1966). [CrossRef]
  11. E. Yablonovitch and G. D. Cody, “Enhancement in Textured Optical Sheets for Solar Cells,” IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices,” Vol. ED 29(2), 300 (1982).

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