OSA's Digital Library

Energy Express

Energy Express

  • Editor: Bernard Kippelen
  • Vol. 18, Iss. S2 — Jun. 21, 2010
  • pp: A161–A166

Towards an aligned luminophore solar concentrator

Rowan W. MacQueen, Yuen Yap Cheng, Raphaël G.C.R. Clady, and Timothy W. Schmidt  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue S2, pp. A161-A166 (2010)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1748 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Luminescent solar concentrators promise to reduce the cost of solar energy, but are hindered by a number of losses. Escape of luminescence through the large waveguide-air interfaces can be attenuated through alignment of the optical transition dipole of the luminophore along the waveguide surface normal, directing the maximum possible proportion of luminescence into waveguide modes. We demonstrate such alignment using a guest-host dye-doped liquid crystal sandwiched between conductive glass slides. Application of a potential while illuminating through a narrow edge caused a drop in the intensity of luminescence escaping the large surfaces, and an increase in the intensity of light escaping the narrow edges of the system. This is explained in terms of alignment of the transition dipoles of the dye. We discuss implementation in a luminescent solar concentrator.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(230.7400) Optical devices : Waveguides, slab
(300.6280) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, fluorescence and luminescence
(350.6050) Other areas of optics : Solar energy

ToC Category:
Solar Concentrators

Original Manuscript: April 27, 2010
Revised Manuscript: May 25, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: May 25, 2010
Published: May 26, 2010

Rowan W. MacQueen, Yuen Yap Cheng, Raphaël G. C. R. Clady, and Timothy W. Schmidt, "Towards an aligned luminophore solar concentrator," Opt. Express 18, A161-A166 (2010)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. W. H. Weber, and J. Lambe, “Luminescent greenhouse collector for solar radiation,” Appl. Opt. 15, 2299–2300 (1976). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. A. Goetzberger, and W. Greubel, “Solar Energy Conversion with Fluorescent Collectors,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 14, 123–139 (1977). [CrossRef]
  3. J. S. Batchelder, Ph.D. thesis, Calif. Inst. Tech. (1981).
  4. J. S. Batchelder, A. H. Zewail, and T. Cole, “Luminescent solar concentrators. 2: Experimental and theoretical analysis of their possible efficiencies,” Appl. Opt. 20, 3733–3754 (1981). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. R. W. Olson, R. F. Loring, and M. D. Fayer, “Luminescent solar concentrators and the reabsorption problem,” Appl. Opt. 20, 2934–2940 (1981). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Sansregret, J. M. Drake, W. T. L. Thomas, and M. L. Lesiecki, “Light transport in planar luminescent solar concentrators: the role of DCM self-absorption,” Appl. Opt. 22, 573–577 (1983). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. W. G. van Sark, K. W. Barnham, L. H. Slooff, A. J. Chatten, A. Buchtemann, A. Meyer, S. J. McCormack, R. Koole, D. J. Farrell, R. Bose, E. E. Bende, A. R. Burgers, T. Budel, J. Quilitz, M. Kennedy, T. Meyer, C. De Mello Donega, A. Meijerink, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Luminescent Solar Concentrators—A review of recent results,” Opt. Express 16, 21773–21792 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. G. Debije, P. P. C. Verbunt, B. C. Rowan, B. S. Richards, and T. L. Hoeks, “Measured surface loss from luminescent solar concentrator waveguides,” Appl. Opt. 47, 6763–6768 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. G. Debije, D. J. Broer, and C. W. M. Bastiaansen, “Effect of dye alignment on the output of a luminescent solar concentrator,” Presented at the 22nd European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Milan, Italy, 3–7 September 2007.
  10. P. P. C. Verbunt, A. Kaiser, K. Hermans, C. W. M. Bastiaansen, D. J. Broer, and M. G. Debije, “Controlling Light Emission in Luminescent Solar Concentrators Through Use of Dye Molecules Aligned in a Planar Manner by Liquid Crystals,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19, 1–6 (2009). [CrossRef]
  11. A. Rademacher, S. Markle, and H. Langhals, “Lösliche Perylen-Fluoreszenzfarbstoffe mit höher Photostabilitat,” Chem. Ber. 115, 2927–2934 (1982). [CrossRef]
  12. H. Langhals, S. Poxleitner, O. Krotz, T. Pust, and A. Walter, “FRET in Orthogonally Arranged Chromophores,” Eur. J. Org. Chem. 27, 4559–4562 (2008). [CrossRef]
  13. C. L. Mulder, P. D. Reusswig, A. M. Velázquez, H. Kim, C. Rothschild, and M. A. Baldo, “Dye alignment in luminescent solar concentrators: I. Vertical alignment for improved waveguide coupling,” Opt. Express 18, A70–A89 (2010). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited