OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 1 — Jan. 3, 2011
  • pp: 107–117

Shot-noise limited detection for surface plasmon sensing

Xi Wang, Michael Jefferson, Philip C. D. Hobbs, William P. Risk, Bob E. Feller, Robert D. Miller, and André Knoesen  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 1, pp. 107-117 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1142 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



It is demonstrated that surface plasmon sensing can be performed in the shot-noise-limited regime to resolve index of refractive changes on the order of 10−10/√Hz at input powers of 1 mW. This improved resolution is achieved by using active electronic noise cancelling to suppress laser intensity noise and a wavelength that maximizes sensitivity to index of refraction changes occurring at an interface. The resolution of the system is experimentally demonstrated by measuring the refractive index change of air in response to pressure changes.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: November 5, 2010
Revised Manuscript: December 2, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: December 2, 2010
Published: December 21, 2010

Xi Wang, Michael Jefferson, Philip C. D. Hobbs, William P. Risk, Bob E. Feller, Robert D. Miller, and André Knoesen, "Shot-noise limited detection for surface plasmon sensing," Opt. Express 19, 107-117 (2011)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 54(1-2), 3–15 (1999). [CrossRef]
  2. J. Homola, “Present and future of surface plasmon resonance biosensors,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 377(3), 528–539 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R. B. M. Schasfoort, and A. J. Tudos, eds., Handbook of Surface Plasmon Resonance (The Royal Society of Chemistry, 2008).
  4. B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, and I. Lunström, “Surface-Plasmon Resonance for Gas-Detection and Biosensing,” Sens. Actuators 4, 299–304 (1983). [CrossRef]
  5. L. M. Zhang and D. Uttamchandani, “Optical Chemical Sensing Employing Surface-Plasmon Resonance,” Electron. Lett. 24(23), 1469–1470 (1988). [CrossRef]
  6. A. V. Kabashin, V. E. Kochergin, A. A. Beloglazov, and P. I. Nikitin, “Phase-polarisation contrast for surface plasmon resonance biosensors,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 13(12), 1263–1269 (1998). [CrossRef]
  7. S. A. Shen, T. Liu, and J. H. Guo, “Optical phase-shift detection of surface plasmon resonance,” Appl. Opt. 37(10), 1747–1751 (1998). [CrossRef]
  8. A. V. Kabashin, S. Patskovsky, and A. N. Grigorenko, “Phase and amplitude sensitivities in surface plasmon resonance bio and chemical sensing,” Opt. Express 17(23), 21191–21204 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. I. R. Hooper and J. R. Sambles, “Sensing using differential surface plasmon ellipsometry,” J. Appl. Phys. 96(5), 3004–3011 (2004). [CrossRef]
  10. Z. L. Sun, Y. H. He, and J. H. Guo, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor based on polarization interferometry and angle modulation,” Appl. Opt. 45(13), 3071–3076 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. Y. Wu, H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, C. L. Lin, and S. K. Kong, “Highly sensitive differential phase-sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on the Mach-Zehnder configuration,” Opt. Lett. 29(20), 2378–2380 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. C. E. H. Berger and J. Greve, “Differential surface plasmon resonance immunosensing,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 63, 103–108 (2000). [CrossRef]
  13. M. J. Jory, G. W. Bradberry, P. S. Cann, and J. R. Sambles, “A Surface-Plasmon-Based Optical Sensor Using Acoustooptics,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 6(8), 1193–1200 (1995). [CrossRef]
  14. B. Ran and S. G. Lipson, “Comparison between sensitivities of phase and intensity detection in surface plasmon resonance,” Opt. Express 14(12), 5641–5650 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. K. Matsubara, S. Kawata, and S. Minami, “Optical chemical sensor based on surface plasmon measurement,” Appl. Opt. 27(6), 1160–1163 (1988). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. E. Stenberg, B. Persson, H. Roos, and C. Urbaniczky, “Quantitative-Determination of Surface Concentration of Protein with Surface-Plasmon Resonance Using Radiolabeled Proteins,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 143(2), 513–526 (1991). [CrossRef]
  17. K. Johansen, R. Stalberg, I. Lundstrom, and B. Liedberg, “Surface plasmon resonance: instrumental resolution using photo diode arrays,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 11(11), 1630–1638 (2000). [CrossRef]
  18. L. Panga, S. Boris, and Y. Fainman, “Spectral sensitivity of two-dimensional nanohole array surface plasmon polariton resonance sensor,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 123112 (2007).
  19. K. A. Tetz, L. Pang, and Y. Fainman, “High-resolution surface plasmon resonance sensor based on linewidth-optimized nanohole array transmittance,” Opt. Lett. 31(10), 1528–1530 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. J. Homola, “Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensors for Detection of Chemical and Biological Species,” Chem. Rev. 108, 462-493 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. A. A. Kolomenskii, P. D. Gershon, and H. A. Schuessler, “Sensitivity and detection limit of concentration and adsorption measurements by laser-induced surface-plasmon resonance,” Appl. Opt. 36(25), 6539–6547 (1997). [CrossRef]
  22. T. M. Davis and W. D. Wilson, “Determination of the refractive index increments of small molecules for correction of surface plasmon resonance data,” Anal. Biochem. 284(2), 348–353 (2000). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. X. D. Fan, I. M. White, S. I. Shopova, H. Y. Zhu, J. D. Suter, and Y. Z. Sun, “Sensitive optical biosensors for unlabeled targets: a review,” Anal. Chim. Acta 620(1-2), 8–26 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. G. D. VanWiggeren, M. A. Bynum, J. P. Ertel, S. Jefferson, K. M. Robotti, E. P. Thrush, D. M. Baney, and K. P. Killeen, “A novel optical method providing for high-sensitivity and high-throughput biomolecular interaction analysis,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 127(2), 341–349 (2007). [CrossRef]
  25. C. Chou, H. T. Wu, Y. C. Huang, W. C. Kuo, and Y. L. Chen, “Characteristics of a paired surface plasma waves biosensor,” Opt. Express 14(10), 4307–4315 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. Y. C. Li, Y. F. Chang, L. C. Su, and C. Chou, “Differential-phase surface plasmon resonance biosensor,” Anal. Chem. 80(14), 5590–5595 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical-constants of noble-metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972). [CrossRef]
  28. P. D. T. Huibers, “Models for the wavelength dependence of the index of refraction of water,” Appl. Opt. 36(16), 3785–3787 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. Schott, http://www.schott.com/advanced_optics/us/abbe_datasheets/datasheet_all_us.pdf
  30. P. C. D. Hobbs, “Ultrasensitive laser measurements without tears,” Appl. Opt. 36(4), 903–920 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. J. C. Owens, “Optical refractive index of air: dependence on pressure, temperature and composition,” Appl. Opt. 6(1), 51–59 (1967). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited