OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 10 — May. 9, 2011
  • pp: 9000–9007

Electro-optical Pockels scattering from a single nanocrystal

Bassam Hajj, Sandrine Perruchas, Joseph Lautru, Géraldine Dantelle, Thierry Gacoin, Joseph Zyss, and Dominique Chauvat  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 10, pp. 9000-9007 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.009000


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1116 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

The electro-optical Pockels response from a single non-centrosymmetric nanocrystal is reported. High sensitivity to the weak electric-field dependent nonlinear scattering is achieved through a dedicated imaging interferometric microscope and the linear dependence of electro-optical signal upon the applied field is checked. Using different incident light polarization states, a priori random spatial orientation of the crystal can be inferred. The electro-optical response from a nanocrystal provides local subwavelength sensor of quasi-static electric fields with potential applications in physics and biology. It also leads to a new sub-wavelength microscopy towards the nanoscale investigation of interesting phenomena such as nanoferroelectricity.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(110.0110) Imaging systems : Imaging systems
(110.0180) Imaging systems : Microscopy
(190.0190) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics
(190.2640) Nonlinear optics : Stimulated scattering, modulation, etc.

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

History
Original Manuscript: November 3, 2010
Revised Manuscript: December 10, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: December 12, 2010
Published: April 25, 2011

Virtual Issues
Vol. 6, Iss. 6 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
Bassam Hajj, Sandrine Perruchas, Joseph Lautru, Géraldine Dantelle, Thierry Gacoin, Joseph Zyss, and Dominique Chauvat, "Electro-optical Pockels scattering from a single nanocrystal," Opt. Express 19, 9000-9007 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-10-9000


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. A. Yariv, and P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystals - Propagation and Control of Laser Radiation (Wiley, 2003).
  2. F. Agullo-Lopez, Electrooptics: Phenomena, Materials and Applications (Elsevier Science & Technology Books, 1994).
  3. C. Bosshard, G. Knopfle, P. Pretre, S. Follonier, C. Serbutoviez, and P. Gunter, “Molecular-crystals and polymers for nonlinear optics,” Opt. Eng. 34(7), 1951–1960 (1995). [CrossRef]
  4. K. Noguchi, O. Mitomi, and H. Miyazawa, “Millimeter-wave Ti: LiNbO3 optical modulators,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16(4), 615–619 (1998). [CrossRef]
  5. A. Donval, E. Toussaere, R. Hierle, and J. Zyss, “Polarization insensitive electro-optic polymer modulator,” J. Appl. Phys. 87(7), 3258–3262 (2000). [CrossRef]
  6. H. Zhang, M. C. Oh, A. Szep, W. H. Steier, C. Zhang, L. R. Dalton, H. Erlig, Y. Chang, D. H. Chang, and H. R. Fetterman, “Push-pull electro-optic polymer modulators with low half-wave voltage and low loss at both 1310 and 1550 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78(20), 3136–3138 (2001). [CrossRef]
  7. Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature 435(7040), 325–327 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. H. Z. Ma and J. Levy, “GHz apertureless near-field scanning optical microscopy of ferroelectric nanodomain dynamics,” Nano Lett. 6(3), 341–344 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. B. Hajj, S. De Reguardati, L. Hugonin, B. Le Pioufle, T. Osaki, H. Suzuki, S. Takeuchi, H. Mojzisova, D. Chauvat, and J. Zyss, “Electro-optical imaging microscopy of dye-doped artificial lipidic membranes,” Biophys. J. 97(11), 2913–2921 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. E. Gross, R. S. Bedlack, and L. M. Loew, “Dual-wavelength ratiometric fluorescence measurement of the membrane dipole potential,” Biophys. J. 67(1), 208–216 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. L. Moreaux, T. Pons, V. Dambrin, M. Blanchard-Desce, and J. Mertz, “Electro-optic response of second-harmonic generation membrane potential sensors,” Opt. Lett. 28(8), 625–627 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. D. A. Dombeck, M. Blanchard-Desce, and W. W. Webb, “Optical recording of action potentials with second-harmonic generation microscopy,” J. Neurosci. 24(4), 999–1003 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. U. Woggon, S. V. Bogdanov, O. Wind, K. H. Schlaad, H. Pier, C. Klingshirn, P. Chatziagorastou, and H. P. Fritz, “Electrooptic properties of CdS embedded in a polymer,” Phys. Rev. B 48(16), 11979–11986 (1993). [CrossRef]
  14. Y. S. Wang, R. Z. Wang, P. Sun, Q. Y. Tu, Q. L. Yan, and P. Huang, “Effects of modulated electric field form and frequency on the electro-optical properties of CdS0.1Se0.9 nanocrystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 88(3), 1473–1475 (2000). [CrossRef]
  15. Y. S. Wang, R. Z. Wang, P. Sun, Q. Y. Tu, Q. L. Yan, and P. Huang, “Electro-optical properties of CdS0.1Se0.9 nanocrystals,” Physica E 9(2), 310–313 (2001). [CrossRef]
  16. B. Garrido, M. Lopez, A. Perez-Rodriguez, C. Garcia, P. Pellegrino, R. Ferre, J. A. Moreno, J. R. Morante, C. Bonafos, M. Carrada, A. Claverie, J. de la Torre, and A. Souifi, “Optical and electrical properties of Si-nanocrystals ion beam synthesized in SiO2,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 216, 213–221 (2004). [CrossRef]
  17. R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, (Academic Press, 2008).
  18. J. D. Bierlein and C. B. Arweiler, “Electrooptic and dielectric-properties of KTiOPO4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 49(15), 917–919 (1986). [CrossRef]
  19. T. Toury, S. Brasselet, and J. Zyss, “Electro-optical microscopy: mapping nonlinear polymer films with micrometric resolution,” Opt. Lett. 31(10), 1468–1470 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. X. L. Le, C. Zhou, A. Slablab, D. Chauvat, C. Tard, S. Perruchas, T. Gacoin, P. Villeval, and J. F. Roch, “Photostable second-harmonic generation from a single KTiOPO4 nanocrystal for nonlinear microscopy,” Small 4(9), 1332–1336 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. L. M. Zhang, F. J. Zhang, Y. Q. Wang, and R. O. Claus, “Linear electro-optic tensor ratio determination and quadratic electro-optic modulation of electrostatically self-assembled CdSe quantum dot films,” J. Chem. Phys. 116(14), 6297–6304 (2002). [CrossRef]
  22. A. R. Johnston, “The strain-free electrooptic effect in single crystal barium titanate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 7(7), 195–198 (1965). [CrossRef]
  23. N. Sandeau, L. Le Xuan, D. Chauvat, C. Zhou, J. F. Roch, and S. Brasselet, “Defocused imaging of second harmonic generation from a single nanocrystal,” Opt. Express 15(24), 16051–16060 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. M. Sigelle and R. Hierle, “Determination of the electrooptic coefficients of 3-methyl 4-nitropyridine 1-oxide by an interferometric phase-modulation technique,” J. Appl. Phys. 52(6), 4199–4204 (1981). [CrossRef]
  25. J. H. Haeni, P. Irvin, W. Chang, R. Uecker, P. Reiche, Y. L. Li, S. Choudhury, W. Tian, M. E. Hawley, B. Craigo, A. K. Tagantsev, X. Q. Pan, S. K. Streiffer, L. Q. Chen, S. W. Kirchoefer, J. Levy, and D. G. Schlom, “Room-temperature ferroelectricity in strained SrTiO3,” Nature 430(7001), 758–761 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. H. Z. Ma, J. Levy, M. D. Biegalski, S. Trolier-McKinstry, and D. G. Schlom, “Room-temperature electro-optic properties of strained SrTiO3 films grown on DyScO3,” J. Appl. Phys. 105(1), 014102 (2009). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited