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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 10 — May. 9, 2011
  • pp: 9626–9635

The tempo-spatially modulated polarization atmosphere Michelson interferometer

ChunMin Zhang, HuaChun Zhu, and Baochang Zhao  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 10, pp. 9626-9635 (2011)

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A space-based tempo-spatially modulated polarization atmosphere Michelson interferometer (TSMPAMI) is described. It uses the relative movement between the TSMPAMI and the measured target to change optical path difference. The acquisition method of interferogram is presented. The atmospheric temperatures and horizontal winds can be derived from the optical observations. The measurement errors of the winds and temperatures are discussed through simulations. In the presence of small-scale structures of the atmospheric fields, the errors are found to be significantly influenced by the mismatch of the scenes observed by the adjacent CCD sub-areas aligned along the orbiter’s track during successive measurements due to the orbital velocity and the exposure time. For most realistic conditions of the orbit and atmosphere, however, the instrument is proven suitable for measuring the atmospheric parameters.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(120.4820) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Optical systems
(010.0280) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Remote sensing and sensors

ToC Category:
Atmospheric and Oceanic Optics

Original Manuscript: March 1, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: March 2, 2011
Published: May 3, 2011

ChunMin Zhang, HuaChun Zhu, and Baochang Zhao, "The tempo-spatially modulated polarization atmosphere Michelson interferometer," Opt. Express 19, 9626-9635 (2011)

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