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Energy Express

Energy Express

  • Editor: Bernard Kippelen
  • Vol. 19, Iss. S1 — Jan. 3, 2011
  • pp: A7–A19

Light extraction from surface plasmons and waveguide modes in an organic light-emitting layer by nanoimprinted gratings

Jörg Frischeisen, Quan Niu, Alaa Abdellah, Jörg B. Kinzel, Robert Gehlhaar, Giuseppe Scarpa, Chihaya Adachi, Paolo Lugli, and Wolfgang Brütting  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue S1, pp. A7-A19 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.0000A7


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Abstract

Organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) usually exhibit a low light outcoupling efficiency because a large fraction of power is lost to surface plasmons (SPs) and waveguide modes. In this paper it is demonstrated that periodic grating structures with almost µm-scale can be used to extract SPs as well as waveguide modes and therefore enhance the outcoupling efficiency in light-emitting thin film structures. The gratings are fabricated by nanoimprint lithography using a commercially available diffraction grating as a mold which is pressed into a polymer resist. The outcoupling of SPs and waveguide modes is detected in fluorescent organic films adjacent to a thin metal layer in angular dependent photoluminescence measurements. Scattering up to 5th-order is observed and the extracted modes are identified by comparison to the SP and waveguide dispersion obtained from optical simulations. In order to demonstrate the low-cost, high quality and large area applicability of grating structures in optoelectronic devices, we also present SP extraction using a grating structure fabricated by a common DVD stamp.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(050.2770) Diffraction and gratings : Gratings
(160.4890) Materials : Organic materials
(230.0250) Optical devices : Optoelectronics
(230.4000) Optical devices : Microstructure fabrication
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons

ToC Category:
Light-Emitting Diodes

History
Original Manuscript: August 16, 2010
Revised Manuscript: October 13, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: October 13, 2010
Published: November 16, 2010

Citation
Jörg Frischeisen, Quan Niu, Alaa Abdellah, Jörg B. Kinzel, Robert Gehlhaar, Giuseppe Scarpa, Chihaya Adachi, Paolo Lugli, and Wolfgang Brütting, "Light extraction from surface plasmons and waveguide modes in an organic light-emitting layer by nanoimprinted gratings," Opt. Express 19, A7-A19 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-S1-A7


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