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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 12 — Jun. 6, 2011
  • pp: 11615–11622

A compact orbital angular momentum spectrometer using quantum zeno interrogation

Paul Bierdz and Hui Deng  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 12, pp. 11615-11622 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.011615


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Abstract

We present a scheme to measure the orbital angular momentum spectrum of light using a precisely timed optical loop and quantum non-demolition measurements. We also discuss the influence of imperfect optical components.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(120.4290) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Nondestructive testing
(050.4865) Diffraction and gratings : Optical vortices

ToC Category:
Instrumentation, Measurement, and Metrology

History
Original Manuscript: April 18, 2011
Revised Manuscript: May 19, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: May 26, 2011
Published: June 1, 2011

Citation
Paul Bierdz and Hui Deng, "A compact orbital angular momentum spectrometer using quantum zeno interrogation," Opt. Express 19, 11615-11622 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-12-11615


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References

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  21. S0 and S1 are optical switches that can be switched from been transmittive to reflective. S0 needs to transmit the initial incident light, and be switched to be reflective by the end of the first outer-loop cycle. A high repetition rate is not required and it can be implemeted either mechanically or opto-electrically. Alternatively it could also be a static high-reflectance mirror, if the one-time transmission loss at the very beginning can be tolerated. S1 needs to be switched every QZI loop cycle (ΔT) and need to be polarization insensitive. The fastest switches are Pockels cells, which can operate at 10–100 GHz with 99% transmission. One scheme, similar to the one implemented in Ref. [20], is to an interferometer with Pockels cells in one of the arms. The Pockels cells introduce π phase shift in the arm when activated, and thus switch the beam between two output ports of the interferometer. Using two Pockels cells rotated relative to each other will cancel the birefringent effect.
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  24. Technically, each |α|2 is slightly different, but the difference is well within 1%. The |α|2 that matters most is the one corresponding to the QZI loop (including S1), which, without any optimization, consists of 4 beam splitters, 5 mirrors, 1 waveplate and up to three Pockels cells. Assuming all optics are anti-reflection coated so that loss is 1% at each Pockels cell and 0.1% at each other component, we have |α|2 = 0.96.
  25. J. Jang, “Optical interaction-free measurement of semitransparent objects,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 2322–2329 (1999). [CrossRef]

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