OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 15 — Jul. 18, 2011
  • pp: 14223–14232

Large-aperture Nd:glass laser amplifiers with high pulse repetition rate

A. A. Kuzmin, E. A. Khazanov, and A. A. Shaykin  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 15, pp. 14223-14232 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.014223


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1175 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Nd:glass amplifiers are used in most of the existed petawatt laser facilities. A typical repetition rate of such lasers is 1 shot per 30 minutes or less. Limitations are thermally induced distortions of radiation and tensile stresses in Nd:glass. An increase of the repetition rate is an urgent problem. We have investigated thermally induced depolarization and thermal lens effects in Nd:glass rods up to 10 cm in diameter at a pump pulse repetition period of 3 minutes. It is shown that the rods have a safety factor of at least 5 before thermal stress induced damage would occur, and despite of their size phase and polarization distortions could be compensated.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.3530) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, neodymium
(140.6810) Lasers and laser optics : Thermal effects

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: May 12, 2011
Revised Manuscript: June 10, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: June 21, 2011
Published: July 11, 2011

Citation
A. A. Kuzmin, E. A. Khazanov, and A. A. Shaykin, "Large-aperture Nd:glass laser amplifiers with high pulse repetition rate," Opt. Express 19, 14223-14232 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-15-14223


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. M. D. Perry, D. Pennington, B. C. Stuart, G. Tietbohl, J. A. Britten, C. Brown, S. Herman, B. Golick, M. Kartz, J. Miller, H. T. Powell, M. Vergino, and V. Yanovsky, “Petawatt laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 24(3), 160–162 (1999). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. L. J. Waxer, D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, F. B. S. Morse, C. Stoeckl, and J. D. Zuegel, “High-energy petawatt capability for the Omega laser,” Opt. Photon. News 16(7), 30–36 (2005). [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Kitagawa, H. Fujita, R. Kodama, H. Yoshida, S. Matsuo, T. Jitsuno, T. Kawasaki, H. Kitamura, T. Kanabe, S. Sakabe, K. Shigemori, N. Miyanaga, and Y. Izawa, “Prepulse-free petawatt laser for a fast ignitor,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(3), 281–293 (2004). [CrossRef]
  4. C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, B. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt, and B. E. Wyborn, “Vulcan Petawatt - an ultra-high-intensity interaction facility,” Nucl. Fusion 44(12), S239–S246 (2004). [CrossRef]
  5. E. W. Gaul, M. Martinez, J. Blakeney, A. Jochmann, M. Ringuette, D. Hammond, T. Borger, R. Escamilla, S. Douglas, W. Henderson, G. Dyer, A. Erlandson, R. Cross, J. Caird, C. Ebbers, and T. Ditmire, “Demonstration of a 1.1 petawatt laser based on a hybrid optical parametric chirped pulse amplification/mixed Nd:glass amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 49(9), 1676–1681 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. Aoyama, K. Yamakawa, Y. Akahane, J. Ma, N. Inoue, H. Ueda, and H. Kiriyama, “0.85-PW, 33-fs Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 28(17), 1594–1596 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. L. Collier, O. Chekhlov, R. J. Clsarke, E. J. Divall, K. Ertel, B. D. Fell, P. S. Foster, S. J. Hancock, C. J. Hooker, A. Langley, B. Martin, D. Neely, J. Smith, and B. E. Wyborn, “The astra gemini project a high repetition rate dual beam petawatt laser facility,” in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Baltimore, MD, 2005), p. JFB1.
  8. X. Liang, Y. Leng, C. Wang, C. Li, L. Lin, B. Zhao, Y. Jiang, X. Lu, M. Hu, C. Zhang, H. Lu, D. Yin, Y. Jiang, X. Lu, H. Wei, J. Zhu, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Parasitic lasing suppression in high gain femtosecond petawatt Ti:sapphire amplifier,” Opt. Express 15(23), 15335–15341 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. V. Yanovsky, V. Chvykov, G. Kalinchenko, P. Rousseau, T. Planchon, T. Matsuoka, A. Maksimchuk, J. Nees, G. Cheriaux, G. Mourou, and K. Krushelnick, “Ultra-high intensity- 300-TW laser at 0.1 Hz repetition rate,” Opt. Express 16(3), 2109–2114 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. V. V. Lozhkarev, G. I. Freidman, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Mal'shakov, M. A. Martyanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, and I. V. Yakovlev, “Compact 0.56 petawatt laser system based on optical parametric chirped pulse amplification in KD*P crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(6), 421–427 (2007). [CrossRef]
  11. I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, G. H. C. New, and K. Osvay, “Analysis and optimization of optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(12), 2945–2956 (2002). [CrossRef]
  12. X. Yang, Z. Z. Xu, Y. X. Leng, H. H. Lu, L. H. Lin, Z. Q. Zhang, R. X. Li, W. Q. Zhang, D. J. Yin, and B. Tang, “Multiterawatt laser system based on optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 27(13), 1135–1137 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. V. V. Lozhkarev, S. G. Garanin, R. R. Gerke, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Mal'shakov, M. A. Martyanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, A. M. Sergeev, S. A. Sukharev, E. A. Khazanov, G. I. Freidman, A. V. Charukhchev, A. A. Shaykin, and I. V. Yakovlev, “100-TW femtosecond laser based on parametric amplification,” JETP Lett. 82(4), 178–180 (2005). [CrossRef]
  14. V. V. Lozhkarev, G. I. Freidman, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Mal’shakov, M. A. Martyanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, I. V. Yakovlev, S. G. Garanin, S. A. Sukharev, N. N. Rukavishnikov, A. V. Charukhchev, R. R. Gerke, and V. E. Yashin, “200 TW 45 fs laser based on optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Express 14(1), 446–454 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. O. V. Chekhlov, J. L. Collier, I. N. Ross, P. K. Bates, M. Notley, C. Hernandez-Gomez, W. Shaikh, C. N. Danson, D. Neely, P. Matousek, S. Hancock, and L. Cardoso, “35 J broadband femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 31(24), 3665–3667 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. W. Koechner, Solid State Laser Engineering (Springer, 2006)
  17. A. V. Mezenov, L. N. Soms, and A. I. Stepanov, Termooptika Tverdotelnykh Laserov [Thermooptics of Solid-state Lasers] (Mashinostroenie, Leningrad, 1986)
  18. Yu. A. Ananiev and N. I. Grishmanova, “Deformation of active elements and thermo-optical constants of Nd-glass,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 12(4), 668–691 (1970).
  19. W. Koechner and D. K. Rice, “Effect of birefringence on the performance of linearly polarized YAG:Nd lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 6(9), 557–566 (1970). [CrossRef]
  20. M. K. Chun and J. T. Bischoff, “Thermal transient effects in optically pumped repetitively pulsed lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 7(5), 200–202 (1971). [CrossRef]
  21. A. A. Mak, V. M. Mit’kin, and L. N. Soms, “On thermo-optical properties of activated glasses,” Optomechan. Ind. 9, 65–66 (1971).
  22. I. B. Vitrishchak, L. N. Soms, and A. A. Tarasov, “On eigenpolarization of a resonator with thermally deformed active element,” J. Tech. Phys. XLIV(5), 1055–1062 (1974).
  23. J. S. Uppal, P. D. Gupta, and D. D. Bhawalkar, “Study of thermally induced active birefringence in Nd:glass laser rods,” J. Appl. Phys. 54(11), 6615–6619 (1983). [CrossRef]
  24. N. Gopi, T. P. S. Nathan, and B. K. Sinha, “Experimental studies of transient, thermal depolarization in a Nd:glass laser rod,” Appl. Opt. 29(15), 2259–2265 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. A. A. Kuz’min, G. A. Luchinin, A. K. Poteomkin, A. A. Soloviev, E. A. Khazanov, and A. A. Shaykin, “Thermally induced distortions in neodymium glass rod amplifiers,” Quantum Electron. 39(10), 895–900 (2009). [CrossRef]
  26. J. Bunkenberg, J. Boles, D. C. Brown, J. Eastman, J. Hoose, R. Hopkins, L. Iwan, S. D. Jacobs, J. H. Kelly, S. Kumpan, S. Letzring, D. Lonobile, L. D. Lund, G. Mourou, S. Refermat, W. Seka, J. M. Soures, and K. Walsh, “The omega high-power phosphate-glass system: design and performance,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17(9), 1620–1628 (1981). [CrossRef]
  27. A. K. Poteomkin, K. A. Jurin, A. V. Kirsanov, E. A. Kopelovich, M. V. Kuznetsov, A. A. Kuzmin, F. A. Flat, E. A. Khazanov, and A. A. Shaykin, “Efficient large-aperture Nd:glass rod amplifiers,” Quantum Electron. 41, 487–491 (2011).
  28. L. I. Avakyants, I. M. Buzhinsky, E. I. Koryagina, and V. F. Surkova, “Characteristics of laser glasses (reference survey),” Quantum Electron. 8(4), 423–434 (1978). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Supplementary Material


» Media 1: AVI (2709 KB)     
» Media 2: AVI (3454 KB)     
» Media 3: AVI (3921 KB)     

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited